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i just need serious help answering the question. I have answered most of them but the following posted questions are giving me problem. # 1.1 (1 pts.) In the textbook case, what information led Dr. Tobin to conclude that Shaun Boyden’s sexual attraction to children was not a passing fancy? ‘ A) the fact that he reported having the urges since adolescence B) the fact that his wife was unaware of his problem C) the fact that he was never caught in the past D) the fact that he had a relatively normal sexual development # 1.2 (1 pts.) Charlie has opted to have psychosurgery performed in order to change his pedophilic patterns. Which of the following procedures will Charlie have done? A) prefrontal lobotomy B) hypothalamotomy C) castration D) vasectomy # 1.3 (1 pts.) Dr. Walters is instructing Harry to imagine that he has just “flashed” his genitals at an unsuspecting woman on the street. After the woman responds in horror, Harry is to imagine that all of his closest friends jump out of a nearby alley and start laughing at him. Dr. Walters is using the technique known as A) systematic desensitization. B) cognitive restructuring. C) covert conditioning. D) behavior modification. # 1.4 (1 pts.) Who is most likely to be the target of a frotteurist’s desires? A) a person from work B) a life-long friend C) a shopper at the mall D) a close relative # 1.9 (1 pts.) Based on the information presented in the textbook case, Shaun Boyden might be considered a ______ since he had a normal history of sexual development and interests. A) child rapist B) preference molester C) situational molester D) generalized molester # 1.12 (1 pts.) Joe becomes sexually aroused when he views sexually explicit photographs. He also gets really turned on when his lover undresses in front of him. Joe’s behavior might be described as A) fetishistic. B) frotteuristic. C) voyeuristic. D) normal. # 1.21 (1 pts.) John gets nauseous when he thinks about having sexual intercourse and he actively avoids the sexual advances of others. John might be diagnosed as having A) male erectile disorder. B) sexual aversion disorder. C) dyspareunia. D) inhibited male orgasm disorder. # 1.27 (1 pts.) Five-year-old Timmy has older sisters who dress him up occasionally and call him “Timbelina” since they really wanted a little sister instead of a little brother. If this pattern continues it is possible that Tim might develop A) sexual masochism. B) sexual sadism. C) pedophilia. D) transvestic fetishism. # 1.29 (1 pts.) Carol is extremely interested in sex but does not experience the vaginal changes that ordinarily precede sexual intercourse. Carol may have A) sexual aversion disorder. B) hypoactive sexual desire disorder. C) inhibited female orgasm disorder. D) female sexual arousal disorder. # 1.32 (1 pts.) John is in a period of intense disruptive and heightened thinking, behavior, and emotionality. John is experiencing a(n) ____ episode. A) depressive B) euphoric C) dysthymic . D) manic # 1.37 (1 pts.) Although Juanita has been severely depressed, her motor activity has been frantic. The term for this type of motor activity is A) psychomotor agitation. B) somatic hysteria. C) psychomotor hyperactivity. D) somatic mania. # 1.40 (1 pts.) The statement “My girlfriend dumped me; all women must hate me” is an example of Beck’s cognitive distortion known as . A) catastrophizing. B) dichotomous thinking. C) excessive responsibility. D) overgeneralization # 1.43 (1 pts.) Jenny is suffering from clinical depression. As a result, she typically wakes up early in the morning and tends to be more gloomy in the morning than during the rest of the day. Which of the following specifiers best applies to Jenny’s case? A) in remission B) postpartum C) melancholic type D) seasonal pattern # 1.47 (1 pts.) Mary has been in a continual state of dysfunction that has kept her from feeling truly happy or well-adjusted but she has never had a full-blown depressive episode. Mary might be diagnosed as suffering from A) cyclothymic disorder. B) dysthymic disorder. C) bipolar disorder. D) major depressive disorder. # 1.51 (1 pts.) Margaret is highly committed to dying but she has chosen to ingest ten aspirin tablets. Her suicide attempt would be described as being ______ in suicidal intent and ______ in suicidal lethality. A) low; low B) high; high C) low; high D) high; low # 1.52 (1 pts.) In the textbook case, David Marshall’s belief that television commercials were specifically directed to him is referred to as a delusion of A) persecution. B) reference. C) grandeur. D) nihilism. # 1.54 (1 pts.) Jennifer recently experienced a brief psychotic episode soon after her miscarriage. The symptoms lasted a little less than a month. Jennifer had experienced A) schizophreniform disorder. B) schizoid personality disorder. C) brief psychotic disorder. D) disorganized schizophrenia. # 1.55 (1 pts.) Reggie thinks that the any marital discord between the president and his wife is because the First Lady is secretly in love with him and wishes to spend the rest of her life with him. Which type of psychosis is Reggie suffering from? A) paranoid schizophrenia B) delusional disorder, erotomanic type C) schizoaffective disorder D) disorganized schizophrenia # 1.56 (1 pts.) Because of the vagueness and generality of the criteria at the time, an individual diagnosed as having schizophrenia in the 1960s A) would probably not meet the current criteria for the disorder. B) would probably not recover as quickly as someone diagnosed now. C) would probably now be diagnosed as having an organic dementia. D) would probably have more limited symptoms than someone diagnosed now. # 1.57 (1 pts.) Frank seems to welcome the sympathy and attention that he gets from his parents when he has a psychotic episode. Which of the following might be maintaining his symptoms? A) negative reinforcement B) primary gain C) secondary gain D) vicarious reinforcement # 1.64 (1 pts.) A woman is absolutely convinced that her recent car accident was actually an attempt on her life by the CIA. What delusional disorder might she have? A) delusional disorder, grandiose type B) delusional disorder, jealous type C) delusional disorder, persecutory type D) delusional disorder, somatic type # 1.65 (1 pts.) Roger is participating in a test that requires him to stare at a computer screen on which several letters of the alphabet are being flashed at a very high speed. Every time Roger sees the letter Q he is supposed to press a button. Roger is involved in a test of A) smooth pursuit eye movements. B) sustained attention. C) sensory gating. D) event related potential. # 1.67 (1 pts.) Judy has schizophrenia and walks around the hospital ward constantly rubbing her hands together and twisting her hair for no apparent reason. This behavior is illustrative of A) catatonic excitement. B) catatonic stupor. C) catatonic rigidity. D) residual catatonia. # 1.70 (1 pts.) The case of the Genain quadruplets, who developed schizophrenia, provided evidence regarding the A) difference between the paranoid and disorganized types of schizophrenia. B) role of dopamine in development of schizophrenia. C) interaction of genetic and environmental factors in the development of schizophrenia. D) cross-fostering of schizophrenic traits among siblings. # 1.71 (1 pts.) Why might it be difficult to utilize psychological methods to treat a client with schizophrenia in the active phase of the disorder? A) During the active phase, many individuals with schizophrenia need to be restrained because of violent outbursts. B) During the active phase, the individual is very much out of touch with reality and may not respond to reason. C) During the active phase, the individual is so exhausted from the intensity of the symptoms that it is difficult to stay awake. ‘ D) During the active phase, the personality changes experienced by the people with schizophrenia are very rapid. # 1.72 (1 pts.) Dr. Carson defines sexual deviations as A) practices and behaviors that are of harm to the individual or to others. B) aberrations from what society considers normal. C) behaviors diverging from a common biological pathway for human sexual behavior. D) societal taboos. # 1.73 (1 pts.) Ann and John are experiencing sexual difficulties; specifically, John suffers from premature ejaculation, a common dysfunction. Dr. Kaplan would look for A) physical dysfunctions. B) physical stressors, psychological problems, and relationship difficulties. C) relationship problems in the marriage. D) low hormone levels in John. # 1.74 (1 pts.) A typical behavioral cycle among exhibitionists includes the following stages: A) insult, depression, restoration of self-esteem by exposing, shame. B) exposing, shame, depression. C) substance abuse, exposing, shame, depression. D) substance abuse, shame, restoration of self-esteem by exposing. # 1.75 (1 pts.) Joe is a rapist who goes out drinking before committing a rape. His drinking is a means of A) lowering his inhibitions. B) blocking painful memories. C) breaking his regular response cycle. D) engaging in preparatory behaviors. # 1.76 (1 pts.) In contrast to desire disorders, _____ disorders involve people who want to engage in sex but cannot. A) psychogenic B) orgasmic C) arousal D) functional # 1.77 (1 pts.) Dr. Carson says that much of what we refer to as deviant sexuality involves elements of A) homosexuality. B) sado-masochism. C) power, aggression, and domination. D) immature development. # 1.78 (1 pts.) On a regular basis, Anthony is unable to satisfactorily participate in sexual activities and has lost the ability and the desire to have sex. This is considered A) an arousal problem. B) an orgasmic dysfunction. C) a sexual performance problem. D) a sexual dysfunction. # 1.81 (1 pts.) In the case of the mood disorders, therapists can expect to be consulted by A) men and women in equal numbers. B) more men than women. C) more women than men. D) more men with depression and more women with bipolar disorder. # 1.85 (1 pts.) A person who needs little sleep, experiences delusions, and blindly does things that could harm himself or other people is likely suffering from A) hypomania. B) a psychotic depression. C) mania. D) depressive stupor. # 1.87 (1 pts.) Dr. Shulman suggests that some of the seemingly bizarre behavior among the homeless may be due to A) the high incidence of schizophrenia among the homeless , B) the high incidence of multiple personalities among the homeless C) the effects of being homeless D) drug and /or alcohol abuse # 1.88 (1 pts.) Janine’s belief that others condemn and ridicule her is an example of a(n) A) auditory hallucination B) visual hallucination C) disorganization of speech D) delusion # 1.89 (1 pts.) Denise Ford’s research on the families of people with schizophrenia suggests that development of the disorder A) alters the communication and mood patterns in the family B) is the result of a schizophrenogenic mother C) is the result of a schizophrenogenic father D) is the result of genetic predisposition to the disorder # 1.41 (1 pts.) Chris constantly runs around eating used matches and cigarette butts out of ashtrays. Chris might be diagnosed as having A) pica. B) rumination disorder. C) anorexia. D) stereotypic movement disorder. # 1.42 (1 pts.) Parents who are neglectful during a child’s early years are likely to facilitate the development of A) Tourette’s disorder. B) reactive attachment disorder. C) autistic disorder. D) Down syndrome. # 1.44 (1 pts.) Dr. Green is an admitting psychologist at a psychiatric hospital. Unfortunately, every client she interviews receives the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Dr. Green’s diagnostic system ignores A) reliability. B) variance. C) base rates. D) treatment potential. # 1.47 (1 pts.) Mrs. Waltham is 75 years old and has been brought in for treatment by her daughter. Her daughter claims that the elderly woman has become forgetful and has started fabricating stories about how she is a Bavarian princess and must return to her homeland to help the king. The clinician automatically diagnoses Mrs. Waltham as having schizophrenia. The clinician has obviously ignored what information in making this diagnosis? A) the base rate for this disorder B) the client’s age C) the prevalence of this disorder D) the client’s gender # 1.48 (1 pts.) Dr. Burns is analyzing his client’s personal history in an attempt to identity the factors that may have produced his psychotic behavior. Dr. Burns is creating a(n) A) assessment of global functioning. B) final diagnosis. C) case formulation. D) treatment regimen. # 1.50 (1 pts.) Michelle, who is recovering from schizophrenia, is being released from the psychiatric hospital because her symptoms are under control. Michelle’s living skills, however, are still inadequate since she has been institutionalized for quite some time. What will her therapist most likely suggest? A) placement in an asylum B) readmission to the psychiatric hospital C) placement in a halfway house D) admission to a sanitarium # 1.57 (1 pts.) Roger is in the stage of therapy where he and his therapist are working on altering his long-standing patterns of dependent behavior. What phase of therapy is Roger in? A) immediate management B) assessment of objectives C) management of short-term goals D) management of long-term goals # 1.58 (1 pts.) Rob is receiving treatment for his psychological disorder at an outpatient treatment center. It is most likely that Rob is going to a A) community mental health center. B) halfway house. C) psychiatric hospital. D) psychoanalytic institute. # 1.61 (1 pts.) Dr. Johnson believes that the frequency and intensity of compulsive behavior exists on a continuum from mild to severe. Dr. Johnson prefers to use which approach when viewing this behavior? A) categorical B) dimensional C) medical D) nominal # 1.64 (1 pts.) Sangue dormido, or “sleeping blood” is a condition observed among individuals from the Cape Verde Islands (located off the west coast of Africa) and involves paralysis, convulsions, blindness, and tremors. This condition is referred to in DSM-IV as a(n) A) adjustment disorder. B) clinical syndrome. C) general medical condition. D) culture-bound syndrome. # 1.66 (1 pts.) James is a person with schizophrenia and has delusions that the CIA is after him. He believes that everyone on the street is trying to kill him and, as a matter of fact, he has been brought to a psychologist by the police after being arrested for assaulting an elderly woman on the street whom he claimed was trying to kill him. Assuming that testing reveals that he truly is psychotic and not faking, where would a psychologist recommend he be sent? A) a CMHC B) a day treatment program C) a halfway house D) a psychiatric hospital # 1.67 (1 pts.) Shelly meets twice a week with a number of individuals who also have similar problems. They openly share their problems with others in a trusting, receptive environment which also facilitates improvement of their interpersonal skills. Shelly is participating in A) milieu therapy. B) group therapy. C) dynamic therapy. D) social therapy. # 1.68 (1 pts.) In order to evaluate the effectiveness of a new psychotherapeutic technique, Dr. Schwartz is testing the therapy on clients that have sought treatment from him at his private practice. According to Martin Seligman, Dr. Schwartz is conducting an A) epidemiological study. B) empirical study. C) efficacy study. D) effectiveness study. # 1.69 (1 pts.) Dr. Ramirez is a clinical psychologist who treats individuals with somatoform disorders, yet he is still troubled by his own somatic complaints. Which of the following roles and responsibilities would be in question in this case? A) therapist competence B) informed consent C) confidentiality D) licensure # 1.72 (1 pts.) Which of the following types of disorders would not meet the criteria for insanity according to the Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984? A) schizophrenia B) major depression C) bipolar disorder D) antisocial personality disorder # 1.74 (1 pts.) You are a therapist and one of your clients has just told you that he is planning to murder his neighbor. Based on the principle of “duty to warn” what is the primary thing you should do? A) Ignore your client’s threat. B) Notify the potential victim’s family. C) Hospitalize the client immediately. D) Notify the potential victim of the person’s intent. # 1.77 (1 pts.) Jeremy, a 13 year old, is being treated by Dr. Falkowski for oppositional defiant disorder. Jeremy’s parents have just called Dr. Falkowski and asked him what Jeremy has been saying about them in therapy. Dr. Falkowski needs to be careful not to violate A) informed consent. B) parens patriae. C) mandated reporting. D) confidentiality. # 1.78 (1 pts.) Which of the following relationships between client and clinician would always be considered unethical? A) The client is the clinician’s barber. B) The client is the teacher of the clinician’s daughter. C) The clinician is the coach of the client’s son’s hockey team. D) The clinician is a business partner of the client. # 1.79 (1 pts.) Although she is currently sound psychologically, Peggy’s lawyer is trying to make the case that at the time she murdered her husband, she was psychologically disturbed and unaware of the nature of her actions. Peggy’s lawyer is using the A) insanity defense. B) misguided intentions defense. C) not competent to stand trial defense. D) civil commitment clause. # 1.80 (1 pts.) Because Phineas Gage’s crowbar injury affected his emotionality and impulsivity, we can assume he suffered injury to the A) left temporal lobe B) frontal lobe , C) cerebral cortex D) limbic system # 1.81 (1 pts.) Korsakoff’s syndrome sufferers often display A) an inability to recall recent information B) psychotic behavior C) speech difficulties D) motor difficulties # 1.82 (1 pts.) The following three questions are addressed in which phase of Dr. Ben Yishay’s six-stage model: Can this individual learn? If so, at what level of sophistication? Can the person improvise and problem-solve in unexpected situations? A) engagement B) awareness C) compensation D) rehabilitation # 1.83 (1 pts.) A patient presenting with a progressive memory impairment and a language impairment is most likely suffering from A) acute depression B) Alzheimer’s disease C) Korsakoffâ€™s syndrome D) total amnesia # 1.84 (1 pts.) Developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are characteristic of A) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder B) attention disorder C) disruptive behavior disorder D) hyperkinetic syndrome # 1.85 (1 pts.) Amanda, who was extremely uncomfortable being apart from her mother and never wanted to go to school, a movie, or a friend’s house, showed symptoms of A) separation anxiety disorder B) conduct disorder C) social development lag D) developmental separation syndrome # 1.86 (1 pts.) ______ is a childhood disorder that involves such behaviors as fighting, stealing, destroying property, truancy, and running away; it begins to appear in some boys when they are about 10 or 11 years old. A) Antisocial personality disorder B) Conduct disorder C) ADHD D) Impulsive behavior disorder # 1.87 (1 pts.) The disorder characterized by a lack of responsiveness to other people and impaired communication skills is called A) autism B) conduct disorder C) separation anxiety disorder D) pervasive personality disorder # 1.88 (1 pts.) Psychodynamic therapy, which was developed by Sigmund Freud, seeks to A) discover faulty thinking patterns that cause maladaptive behavior and emotional problems B) focus on body-centered awareness C) resolve issues or conflicts from childhood D) determine which combination of individual and medical therapy will be effective # 1.89 (1 pts.) One of the complicating factors of couples therapy is that the focus is on both the relationship and A) the personal issues or problems of each participant B) the length of time the couple has been having difficulties C) whether or not one of the partners has been in therapy before D) none of the above # 1.91 (1 pts.) Dolores McCarthy, a social worker who leads therapy groups, reports that group members often relate to the group in the same way they relate to the world at large. She identifies this as a kind of A) transference B) gestalt C) free association D) conflict resolution # 1.92 (1 pts.) Psychologists consider all of the following to be psychosocial protective factors EXCEPT A) positive role models B) specific coping skills C) good parenting D) genetic restructuring