1. Drugs could directly affect synaptic transmission by altering: (a) graded potential amplitude (b) neurotransmitter binding (c) temporal summation (d) all of the above 2. A…

1. Drugs could directly affect synaptic transmission by altering: (a) graded potential amplitude (b) neurotransmitter binding (c) temporal summation (d) all of the above 2. A…

Do Not Copy. Order Custom, Original Paper.
1. Drugs could directly affect synaptic transmission by altering: (a) graded potential amplitude (b) neurotransmitter binding (c) temporal summation (d) all of the above 2. A study described in class showed that “larks” and “owls” could be distinguished on the basis of their: (a) DNA (b) SCN oscillations in cultured cells (c) free-running circadian activity cycle length in cultured cells (d) skin conductance in cultured cells 3. In eight hours of sleep we would expect most people to cycle from REM to slow wave sleep approximately every? (a) hour (b) two hours (c) hour and a half (d) two and a half hours 4. The Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) drugs: (a) are antagonists at the serotonin receptor (b) inhibit serotonin reuptake into the presynaptic cell (c) decrease the level of serotonin available to bind to the postsynaptic receptor (d) all of the above 5. Peterson and Peterson (1959) showed that: (a) maintenance rehearsal is necessary for LTM formation (b) STM capacity is 7 + 2 items (c) memory for a paragraph is better if the reader has a conceptual framework (d) preventing rehearsal produces rapid forgetting 6. The primacy effect is believed to reflect recall of information from: (a) intermediate memory (b) the phonological loop (c) STM (d) LTM 7. Vivid dreams are most likely to coincide with: (a) slow eye movements (b) synchronous EEG (c) increase in muscle tone (d) none of the above 8. The patient H.M. had: (a) a medial temporal lobectomy (b) anterograde amnesia (c) intact skill learning (d) all the above 9. The form of rehearsal that is most likely to allow transfer of information into LTM is known as: (a) maintenance rehearsal (b) semantic rehearsal (c) elaborative rehearsal (d) deep rehearsal 10. Integration of information within a neuron depends on: (a) temporal summation (b) graded potentials (c) spatial summation (d) all of the above 11. Godden and Baddeley’s (1975) “diving” data would most likely be used to show that there are: (a) context-dependent influences on memory (b) primacy effects on memory performance (c) semantic networks that underlie short-term memory (d) recency effects in short-term memory 12. Ebbinghaus used nonsense syllables to test memory because he thought that: (a) subjects would be able to rehearse the items well (b) interference would be reduced (c) it would make the task harder (d) a word like gof could have been recoded as “being like golf” 13. The psychological experience of brightness is most closely related to the physical dimension of: (a) wavelength (b) reflectance (c) intensity (d) amplitude 14. As you move down the ventral visual stream: (a) the information that is processed changes from pattern vision to spatial vision (b) neurons respond to more complex stimulus features (c) the number of cones decrease and the number of rods increase (d) neurons respond more and more to lines of different orientation 15. The choroid is responsible for: (a) supplying blood to the different regions of the eye (b) focusing the image on the retina (c) transducing the electromagnetic energy into a neural signal (d) the process of accommodation 16. The main visual pathway travels from: (a) eyes -> parietal lobe -> V1 (b) eyes -> V1 -> LGN (c) eyes -> LGN -> primary visual cortex (d) cortex -> subcortex -> primary visual cortex 17. The Hermann Grid illusion illustrates: (a) the principle or retinal saturation (b) the dual process theory of vision (c) the principle of lateral inhibition (d) the difference between nativism and empiricism 18. If I sustain an injury which severs the fibers from my right eye I will most likely suffer from: (a) bitemporal hemianopia (b) left homonymous hemianopia (c) monocular blindness (d) blindsight 19. Damage to the parietal lobe may cause (a) acalculia and contralateral neglect (b) errors of perseveration and acalculia (c) contralateral neglect and associative agnosia (d) loss of word fluency and loss of design fluency 20. When looking at a scene I can describe each object in the scene yet I fail to see the scene as a whole. I most likely suffer from: (a) apperceptive agnosia (b) dorsal simultagnosia (c) associative agnosia (d) blindsight 21. A patient with blindsight: (a) is unable to see a visual stimulus but is able to localize a visual stimulus (b) is unable to localize a visual stimulus but can see a visual stimulus (c) can neither see nor localize visual stimuli (d) can see a visual stimulus if it is stationary but not if it is moving 22. Impairments in design fluency, olfaction, and social behavior is associated mostly with damage to: (a) temporal lobe (b) parietal lobe (c) occipital lobe (d) none of the above 23. The receptors on the retina are primarily sensitive to: (a) electrochemical energy (b) electromagnetic energy (c) mechanical energy (d) thermal energy 24. Which is the correct order for signals entering the ear? (a) basilar membrane, ossicles, oval window, tympanic membrane (b) basilar membrane, oval window, ossicles, hair cells (c) tympanic membrane, oval window, ossicles, basilar membrane (d) tympanic membrane, ossicles, oval window, hair cells 25. Which of the following is the best example of the form of learning called “habituation”? (a) You see something that you’ve never seen before, and immediately orient toward it. (b) You are involved in a well-rehearsed task, such as washing the dishes, and you go through the same steps automatically. (c) After watching a lot of violent television, the violence bothers you less and less. (d) After working near a stove and accidentally touching a hot burner, you now make a point of being very careful around stoves. 26. The book and movie A Clockwork Orange portrays an experimental treatment of a chronically violent individual. He is strapped to a chair, given medication that induces vomiting, and forced to watch violent film footage while listening to Beethoven. As a result, he becomes ill whenever he is faced with physical violence or hears Beethoven. Beethoven is the ______________ while his illness in response to the medication is the ______________. (a) Conditioned Stimulus . . . Conditioned Response (b) Unconditioned stimulus . . . Conditioned Response (c) Unconditioned Stimulus . . . Unconditioned Response (d) Conditioned Stimulus . . . Unconditioned Response 27. George failed to pay his Visa bill, and as a result he received frequent phone calls from a debt collection agency. George came to associate the sound of the ringing telephone with a feeling of dread. After he paid his Visa bill, the threatening telephone calls ceased, and George stopped reacting with dread to the sound of the ringing telephone. What does this best exemplify? (a) extinction (b) second-order conditioning (c) reconditioning (d) discrimination 28. A victim of sexual harassment at work is highly uncomfortable when male office mates tell “dirty jokes,” yet laughs at a dirty joke told by her husband. Her different responses to seemingly similar situations exemplify ____________. (a) selective extinction (b) stimulus discrimination (c) adaptive generalization (d) spontaneous recovery 29. Of the options presented, what is the most effective way to form a second-order conditioned response? (a) Reverse the order of the conditioned stimulus and unconditioned presentation sequence. (b) Extinguish the conditioned response to the original conditioned stimulus, then condition a new conditioned stimulus to the original unconditioned stimulus. (c) Pair a new conditioned stimulus with the original conditioned stimulus. (d) Habituate responses to both the first and second conditioned stimuli, then pair the two as a compound conditioned stimulus. 30. Which of the following is an example of operant conditioning? (a) Garrison speaks louder than usual when he talks to his mother on the phone since she is hard of hearing. (b) Violet starts at the sound of most buzzers because they sound exactly like her alarm clock that goes off at 5am each day. (c) Milo cancels his credit card to avoid paying the annual fee but plans to reinstate it in the new year. (d) Robyn is elected president of her class, and vows to “make good” on all of her campaign promises. 31. Which of the following is an example of negative reinforcement? (a) Permission to drive the car on Saturday afternoon is withdrawn because a teenager received a D grade in algebra. (b) As a result of good behaviour, a prisoner is parolled. (c) A child has to sit in a chair for 15 minutes because she called her mother a “dumb dodo”. (d) A child disrupts classroom activities in order to be centre of attention. 32. In training your dog to retrieve, it is not always possible to deliver the reinforcer (e.g., food or a pat on the head) immediately. Therefore, you might use another stimulus, like “Good dog”, when the dog picks up the object it is to retrieve. Soon, the phrase “Good dog” will serve as: (a) a primary reinforcer (b) a partial reinforcer (c) a conditioned reinforcer (d) a distal reinforcer 33. “The fisherman does not hook a fish with every cast of the line” describes: (a) stimulus generalization (b) progressive shaping (c) extinction (d) partial reinforcement 34. A rat in a Skinner box has a characteristic pattern of behaviour. Immediately after reinforcement, it pauses before it starts to respond again. Once it starts, however, it immediately picks up to its usual rate. On what schedule is this rat most probably trained? (a) fixed ratio (b) variable ratio (c) fixed interval (d) variable interval 35. According to Premack’s Principle, reinforcement is probably best defined as a(n): (a) stimulus that satisfies a biological requirement (b) opportunity to engage in a preferred activity (c) event that maintains homeostasis (d) experience that results in a conditioned emotional response 36. The normal defense reaction of a certain species involves freezing in the face of danger. Which of the following responses will members of this species find easiest to learn in order to avoid shock? (a) pressing a bar in order to avoid shock (b) staying immobile in order to avoid shock (c) turning a wheel in order to avoid shock (d) making a specific gross motor movement in order to avoid shock 37. An animal is continuously pressing a lever for food. Over a period of time we notice that reinforcement is delivered after the following number of responses: 8, 12, 5, 15. This pattern keeps repeating. We would conclude that the animal is being reinforced on a: (a) VR 10 schedule (b) VI 10 schedule (c) VR 40 schedule (d) VI 40 schedule 38. Dr B wanted to test the hypothesis that caffeine intake before a test would lead to better performance than milk intake before a test. She instructed one class to drink a large espresso before their first class test. For the second class test, she instructed her class to drink a large glass of milk. In her other class, she instructed students to drink a large glass of milk before their first test, and to drink a large espresso before their second test. She then compared class performance for the two tests for each group. In this study: (a) Dr B used a single-blind design (b) type of drink students had before the test was varied within subjects (c) order of type of drink students had before the test was varied within subjects (d) total amount drunk before the tests was the manipulated variable 39. In the serial position lab, we saw that a delay interposed between stimulus presentation and recall: (a) decreased the primacy effect (b) decreased the recency effect (c) increased the primacy effect (d) increased the recency effect 40. Which of the following is NOT a reason that researchers use double blind studies? (a) to avoid placebo effects (b) because researchers are more likely to find a significant effect (c) because participants might try to help the researcher achieve good results (d) because the researcher might unknowingly promote certain behaviours in the participants

  • StudyAcer

    4.7/5
  • Trustpilot

    4.6/5
  • Sitejabber

    4.6/5

Need help with writing 1. Drugs could directly affect synaptic transmission by altering: (a) graded potential amplitude (b) neurotransmitter binding (c) temporal summation (d) all of the above 2. A…?

Get help

CHOOSE YOUR WRITER

Writer avatar
Dr.JamesPhD

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 373

Success rate 97%

Completed projects: 592

Hello, I am a full-time professional freelance writer with over 6 years experience in academic writing. I have a PhD in Strategic Management and have done several projects in business management, marketing and other subjects. This experience has helped me reinforce my ability to work in various fields and handle simple and complex topics. I am a...

Writer avatar
Dr.SUCCESS

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 1326

Success rate 96%

Completed projects: 1976

Hello :) My name is Dr.Success, I've started on my path as a professional writer mostly by writing essays. However, in the years since then, I've written various other academic papers, from research works to book reviews. From Sydney to New York, there are hundreds of students all over the world that are happy with the services I've provided the...

Writer avatar
MarvellousTutor

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 371

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 1173

Hi there! Im MarvellousTutor, your perfect author with huge writing experience in English, Art and Business. What? Need assignment on another subject? No worries: I can deal with anything! If you're dreaming of the reliable, responsible and always-on-time writer, here I am! I manage my time greatly, thus, your deadline is highly important for me...

Writer avatar
Prof_Stephen

Rating: 4.7/5    Reviews 891

Success rate 97%

Completed projects: 1136

Hello there! My name is Prof Stephen. I have been a full-time freelance researcher and writer for a period of over 6 years. I have successfully completed over 1000 projects and assignments. I have had a good professional relationship with my clients who always come back for more quality papers since I highly value quality, professionalism, and i...

Writer avatar
Prof.TzKelly

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 244

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 479

I'm ProfTzKelly, talented wordsmith, grammar afficionado, and writing machine. I'm written everything from outlines to screenplays and book reviews to advanced research papers. All you have to do to be well on your way to a great grade is chat with me! I'm experienced in all major styles, including APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and Vancouver. You ...

Writer avatar
ProfAcer

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 465

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 852

Hey! My name is ProfAcer, and my goal is to help you to get through a tough period of your life. I've been a student, and I know that the amount of work some professors expect you to do can be unfair and overwhelming. And that's without even accounting for the job you probably have an active social life each student should have. There is no sham...

Writer avatar
ProfessorEunice

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 412

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 719

In academic writing, quality, originality, and deadlines are vital, and these are my primary offerings to all my clients. I have two years of experience as a full-time academic writer, with over 300 finance, economics, marketing, business, and general papers written from scratch. Since joining this site, I have also tackled sociology, healthcare...

Writer avatar
ProfWriters

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 482

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 783

Hello, I am Prof Writers, I am a bold, accurate, and experienced tutor committed to providing clients with high quality, original, and timely work. As a writer, proficiency in several disciplines in academic writing is necessary, and that is why I prioritize on delivering quality and appropriate work. Be assured that I will always follow the lai...

Writer avatar
Think_Tank

Rating: 4.8/5    Reviews 319

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 584

Hello! People call me ThinkTank, and I've been earning money as an academic writer for years. With a lot of works under my belt, you can bet that I've dealt with dozens of various topics and different forms of papers, including essays, research papers, and even dissertations. I like the challenge that comes with this job. I first fell in love wi...