A plant manufacturing nails and screws uses a large pool (volume = 10,000 L) to collect and treat its residual waste water before discharging it in a nearby stream. The manufacturing process makes use of a strong acid (HCl) and a weaker one (phosphoric a
A plant manufacturing nails and screws uses a large pool (volume = 10,000 L) to collect and treat its residual waste water before discharging it in a nearby stream. The manufacturing process makes use of a strong acid (HCl) and a weaker one (phosphoric acid, H3PO4; pKa1 = 2.148, pKa2 = 7.20, pKa3 = 12.15), before discharging them in the pool for treatment (neutralization). Once the pool is filled to its maximum capacity, a technician measures the chlorine and phosphorus concentrations in the waste water to be 0.5 M and 1.0 M, respectively. Assume (i) that chlorine and phosphorus come only from HCl and phosphoric acid, respectively, and (ii) that no H+ was consumed (or neutralized) in the manufacturing process.
(a) Knowing that the technician has to bring the pH of the waste water back to a minimum of 7.2 before discharging it in the stream, what is the minimum amount (in kg) of NaOH(s) (40 g/mol) that he has to add to the pool before discharging the waste water in the stream?
(b) What will be the pH of the waste water following the addition of 200 kg of NaOH?
(c) What will then be the number of moles of each phosphorus species (H3PO4, H2PO4–, HPO42- and PO43-) in the pool after the addition of NaOH?
(d) What will be the pH of the waste water if the technician adds 10.0 kg of NaOH in excess to what is needed to bring the pH to 7.2?
Study Acers provides students with tutoring and help them save time, and excel in their courses. Students LOVE us!No matter what kind of essay paper you need, it is simple and secure to hire an essay writer for a price you can afford at StudyAcers. Save more time for yourself. Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more