Alcohol Annotated Bibliography Essay
Introduction. This Annotated Bibliography has been developed in co-ordination with an Alcohol Poster presentation, with the aim of elucidating the dangers alcohol has on a person’s health and wellbeing. The author chose alcohol as a topic, as it is well-known to be dangerous but in contrast it is readily available for people to purchase. Alcohol dependency has serious detrimental effects on people’s health and social lives. The World Health Organisation (WHO, 2008) stated “alcohol is the third- biggest threat to public health”. Nearly 200,000 people die each year from alcohol abuse (Claypool).
It is an escalating problem within UK culture; latest statistics demonstrate 33% of men and 16% of women were described as “hazardous” drinkers (NHS, 2007) This annotated bibliography includes an alphabetical list of research sources. In addition to bibliographic data, an annotated bibliography provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value or relevance, in order to provide the reader with the best information in regards to the chosen topic, using a general selection criteria, drawing from academic articles, academic texts, books, press and Internet resources highlighting Alcohol and dangers.
The source used were easily accessible, providing a variety of information ranging from Government guidelines to professional opinion and research, this will lead to rich and valid data, providing excellent and accurate material regarding Alcohol and the body, with the aim of creating an educational poster. In relation to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) guidelines confidentiality will be kept. Bongers, I, Garretsen, H, J Van Oers and L Van de Goor. (1999) Alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, problem drinking, and socioeconomic status, Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol 34, 78-88.
This article is appropriate for the Health Care Professional due to the authors being employed in the Mental Health field as addiction researchers with various professional qualifications, giving the reader trust in the sources cogency and consistency. The layout is simples and easy to understand: bullet points are used along with clear headings to enable the reader to advance knowledge. No diagrams or tables are included, which would have been beneficial as they can then enable the reader to have a better understanding, and awareness of Alcohol.
The information has been broken down into manageable sections and the language is appropriate for all readers to gain a general understanding of the problems relating to Alcohol, suitable for nursing practitioners who have an interested in alcohol related addictions. The information provided within the article is not recent (1999), however it does provide an extensive reference list to further research. The information is informative, within the article; it could also be argued that the results section could be more specific to allow for greater consideration.
This article was useful in creating my poster, in particular the statistics. Chick, J. (1993) ‘Brief Interventions for Alcohol Misuse’. British Medical Journal 307, 27, p1374. Jonathan Chick, consultant psychiatrist at Royal Edinburgh Hospital is the author of this investigation regarding interventions for alcohol misuse. Opening with a historical discussion of studies done in regards to alcohol misuse, he notes a deplorable statistic that in Britain 15-30% of men and 8-15% of women have problems with alcohol. He then identifies some brief interventions for alcohol misuse, supported by dependable quotes.
This article was written in 1993, it is well written and presented, and however it does look antiquated, in comparison to other journal articles used. It did not include an abstract, which helps the reader to find out if the journal possesses the information they acquire efficiently. This piece of work is aimed at a nursing profession due to the different sources used and the medical terminology. This articled helped to gather facts and use in the poster presentation, as well as giving a brief overview about alcohol interventions, which helped with wider research and reading.
This article would have been improved if it had been a bit lengthier with a more in-depth discussion around interventions and the impact these have had on alcoholics, using studies to present his work, this in turn would of made is more reliable. Department of Health (2008) Drink Aware, [Online], Avaliable: http://www. drinkaware. co. uk/ [accessed 13th March, 2011] This website is part of the Government’s ‘Drink Aware’ campaign, its aim to highlight the effects of alcohol to the body. This was an informative websites, consisting of lots of information and pictures which I used on my poster.
This is a reliable source and the author felt confident using such source. The information was well written, and anyone can access it making the target audience varied and wide. This website has been promoted by radio and television, thus anyone can access it. This helped the author to provide up-to-date, government advised national/local statistics and information regarding alcohol, making it reliable. The goal of the source is to inform the general public about the dangers of alcohol and advise them on safe drinking. Glasper, A. , 2010. Alcohol abuse among young people: the inconvenient truth.
British Journal of Nursing [e-journal] 19 (3). Available through Swetest (Accessed 14th April, 2010. ) This is a well written and presented online journal by Alan Glasper, highlighting the strain and pressure under-age drinkers have on the NHS. In addition, the author also illustrates the dangers and implications alcohol has on health. This source gives excellent insight and knowledge, reinforced with a selection of quotes and statistics. The language used in this article is informative and intelligent without using and medical jargon or complex terminology. This paper is aimed at a general audience to inform them of the dangers of alcohol.
However, as a student found this particularly useful. It is 2 pages long and includes a bibliography to help further investigation. Critically, supplementary professional references’ would have made the validity and reliability of the piece of work richer. In addition to using some statistics on my poster, I decided to use the picture of alcohol as it was simple but had a good effect. This journal pronounce Glasper’s educational/work background, which would have been interesting to know to ensure the reader of soundness, in addition it did not include an abstract, however as the title was so clear the reader knew what the paper was about.
Jernigan, D. H. (2001) Global Status Report: Alcohol and Young People [on-line] Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). Available from: http://whqlibdoc. who. int/hq/2001/WHO_MSD_MSB_01. 1. pdf [Accessed on: 21st April 2011]. This report was elongated, stimulating and well written by Jernigan, of the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and other drug problems, the principal author of the document. However, he did have help from; Chris Cefalu with to research and Pam Glenn with editorial assistance, this shows through the high quality work.
The first thing that came to mind was the validity and reliability of the article as it was conducted by the World Health Organisation, a trustworthy organisation in healthcare. The report presents figures regarding young people and alcohol, helping to raise awareness. I interpreted this in to the poster so that the poster would appeal and warn all ages of the dangers of alcohol as this is really important in today’s society, using colour and pictures to attract a younger audience. In addition, it compares the use of alcohol in Britain to that of other countries which was captivating.
The report was jargon-free and easy to understand, targeted at nursing professionals and also teachers who may want to educate pupils about the dangers of alcohol. The extensive referencing list allows for wider research and reading. Manley, D. , 2005. Dual diagnosis: co-existence of drug, alcohol and mental health problems. British Journal of Nursing. 14 (2) pp100-106. This journal article was quite lengthy, at 5 pages long it was very informative and an interesting read. The article was set out professionally, including an abstract and the author’s background.
The author is a lead practitioner in dual Diagnosis for the NHS, giving the reader piece of mind that the information is correct and valid. The article also includes colour pictures and tables which splits the reading up, allowing for a relaxed read. This article is aimed at qualified professionals with an interest in dual diagnosis. The article includes a lengthy reference list, which is impressive and allows for wider reading on the topic, this would be useful for nursing students, thus opening his target audience wider. This was a very informative source, as it was specific to mental health and dual diagnosis.
This gave the poster a professional dynamic, as it was well written by an educated professional who is a lead practitioner in Dual Diagnosis. Nixon K, Crews FT (2002). Binge ethanol exposure decreases neurogenesis in adult rat hippocampus. J Neurochem 83: 1087–1093. This article by Nixon and Crews conducted a study and found Purkinje cells in the cerebellum, hippocampus, the cells of the frontal cortex and hippocampal pyramidal are well known areas to be affected and damage to these areas could impair cognitive functions by drinking too much alcohol.
This was a really interesting read, and the research and wider reading led the author to more studies conducted by Crews and Nixon. Their work found that alcohol prevented new neurons forming in the hippocampus of rats, which affected their cognitive abilities. The up-to-date bibliography then led to another study by Crews, Obernier, White and Swartzwelder (2002) who found that cognitive abilities are affected when the parts connected to the hippocampus are impaired such as the limbic structures and the olfactory bulbs which are related to spatial learning abilities.
However, it must be questioned whether animal findings are applicable to humans. This was a stimulating read, and the rat study was used in the poster to give it a different dynamic. The author used this as they believed it would make people take more interest and lead them to be more aware of the effects of alcohol. The authors are professors in alcohol studies, which provide reliability and validity. This has a target audience of nursing professionals and students who have a keen interest in the effects of alcohol. Kearney, P. , Levin, E. , Rosen, G. , Sainsbury, M. , Social Care Institute of Excellence (Guide 2.).
Families that have alcohol and mental health problems: a template for partnership working, [Online], Available: http://www. scie. org. uk/publications/guides/guide02/index. asp [accessed 4th March, 2011]. This 32 page guide was of high quality using a high standard of writing with a name target audience as health professionals who work in the alcohol field, and also families of people suffering with alcoholics. The authors have medical, profession background in the mental health or alcohol field. This was easy to read and understand. The guide was colourful and included pictures, which made for interesting reading.
It was very informative and in-depth in particular to alcohol induced psychosis. The guide gives service users and their families hope and support during difficult times and also guidelines to what is expected from the health professionals, highlighting the importance of partnership working. The title of this guide is vague, the author hoped for this to be more in-depth and relate to patients with both alcohol and mental health problems. However, the title is misleading and the guide deals with one or the other problems. This piece of writing was not very helpful in designing the poster due to the unambiguous nature of the guide.
In contrast, it did have an extensive, valuable bibliography to help with wider research. Swaine, J, (2009) Sir Liam Donaldson unveils alcohol minimum price plan, [Online], Available: http://www. telegraph. co. uk/health/healthnews/4999971/Sir-Liam-Donaldson-unveils-alcohol-minimum-price-plan. html [accessed 10th February, 2011] This online newspaper article was well written by journalist, John Swaine. The article investigates Sir Liam Donaldson, the chief medical officer’s plans to change the price of alcohol, selling it at a minimum price per unit in order to kerb ‘binge drinking’ which is having a major effect on people’s health.
This was an interesting read and very informative, particularly the quotes used from other professionals, such as Professor Gilmore, a liver specialist at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital, supporting the claims. This is laid out as a standard newspaper article, and includes pictures. However, as it is an online article it does have a ‘related link’ section, which is informative and allows the reader to carry on reading, which would be advantageous. This piece of writing is from 2009, it is fairly up-to-date. Tower hamlets alcohol harm reduction strategy (2007) [Online].
Available at: http://66. 102. 9. 132/search? q=cache:hJR1YtDC8agJ:www. towerhamlets. gov. uk/idoc. ashx%3Fdocid%3Db3d6602f-3875-481a-b614-bed84a7182b8%26version%3D-1+(The+alcohol+Harm+Reduction+Strategy+For+England. )+1,7+BILLION&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk [accessed 27th February, 2011] This was a lengthy document, the overarching aim of this strategy is to reduce alcohol related harm in Tower Hamlets, and it aimed to address harms caused by alcohol misuse in terms of health, community safety, criminal justice and social exclusion.
This was the best source as it was very in-depth and provided lots of ideas for the poster presentation. It was laid out in a simplistic manner; it was an excellent, informative read. This source led me to other informative sources, in particular ‘national research’. However, it did not provide information about individual authors it simply said that the document was commissioned.
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