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Busi 320 Dev Shell – 2012 Fall B Assignment 1

Busi 320 Dev Shell – 2012 Fall B

Foundations of Financial Management ( Block , 14th ed.)

assignment: Homework 1

1.Problem 2-1 Income statement [LO1]

Frantic Fast Foods had earnings after taxes of $1,200,000 in the year 2009 with 322,000 shares outstanding. On January 1, 2010, the firm issued 30,000 new shares. Because of the proceeds from these new shares and other operating improvements, earnings after taxes increased by 24 percent.

(a)

Compute earnings per share for the year 2009. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

(b)

Compute earnings per share for the year 2010. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

2.Problem 2-3 Gross profit [LO1]

Hillary Swank Clothiers had sales of $428,000 and cost of goods sold of $260,000.

(a)

What is the gross profit margin (ratio of gross profit to sales)? (Round your answer to the nearest whole percentage. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Gross profit margin

(b)

If the average firm in the clothing industry had a gross profit of 35 percent, how is the firm doing?

The firm is .

3.Problem 2-4 Operating profit [LO1]

A-Rod Fishing Supplies had sales of $2,160,000 and cost of goods sold of $1,550,000. Selling and administrative expenses represented 10 percent of sales. Depreciation was 6 percent of the total assets of $4,450,000.

What was the firm’s operating profit? (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Operating profit

4.Problem 2-6 Income statement [LO1]

Given the following information, prepare an income statement for the Dental Drilling Company. (Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Selling and administrative expense

$

72,000

Depreciation expense

71,000

Sales

536,000

Interest expense

45,000

Cost of goods sold

179,000

Taxes

53,000

5.Problem 2-7 Income statement [LO1]

Given the following information, prepare an income statement for Jonas Brothers Cough Drops. (Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Selling and administrative expense

$

326,000

Depreciation expense

196,000

Sales

1,600,000

Interest expense

124,000

Cost of goods sold

551,000

Taxes

167,000

6.Problem 2-11 Depreciation and earnings [LO1]

Stein Books, Inc., sold 2,300 finance textbooks for $200 each to High Tuition University in 2010. These books cost $170 to produce. Stein Books spent $12,300 (selling expense) to convince the university to buy its books.

Depreciation expense for the year was $15,500. In addition, Stein Books borrowed $102,000 on January 1, 2010, on which the company paid 17 percent interest. Both the interest and principal of the loan were paid on December 31, 2010. The publishing firm’s tax rate is 30 percent.

Prepare an income statement for Stein Books. (Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

7.Problem 2-15 Development of balance sheet [LO3]

Arrange the following items in proper balance sheet presentation (Be sure to list the assets in order of their liquidity. Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response):

Accumulated depreciation

$

347,000

Retained earnings

46,000

Cash

14,000

Bonds payable

137,000

Accounts receivable

51,000

Plant and equipment—original cost

668,000

Accounts payable

38,000

Allowance for bad debts

6,000

Common stock, $1 par, 100,000 shares outstanding

100,000

Inventory

71,000

Preferred stock, $52 par, 1,000 shares outstanding

52,000

Marketable securities

28,000

Investments

24,000

Notes payable

39,000

Capital paid in excess of par (common stock)

91,000

8.Problem 2-16 Earnings per share and retained earnings [LO1, 3]

Okra Snack Delights, Inc., has an operating profit of $241,000. Interest expense for the year was $35,800; preferred dividends paid were $34,100; and common dividends paid were $39,600. The tax was $61,400. The firm has 23,700 shares of common stock outstanding.

(a)

Calculate the earnings per share and the common dividends per share. (Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

Common dividends per share

(b)

What was the increase in retained earnings for the year? (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Increase in retained earnings

9.Problem 2-17 Earnings per share and retained earnings [LO1, 3]

Quantum Technology had $644,000 of retained earnings on December 31, 2010. The company paid common dividends of $30,100 in 2010 and had retained earnings of $524,000 on December 31, 2009.

(a)

How much did Quantum Technology earn during 2010? (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings available to common stockholders

(b)

What would earnings per share be if 42,700 shares of common stock were outstanding? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

10.Problem 2-18 Price-earnings ratio [LO2]

Botox Facial Care had earnings after taxes of $325,000 in 2009 with 200,000 shares of stock outstanding. The stock price was $95.60. In 2010, earnings after taxes increased to $407,000 with the same 200,000 shares outstanding. The stock price was $104.00.

(a)

Compute earnings per share and the P/E ratio for 2009. The P/E ratio equals the stock price divided by earnings per share. (Enter only numeric values.Round your intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

P/E ratio

(b)

Compute earnings per share and the P/E ratio for 2010. (Enter only numeric values.Round your intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Earnings per share

P/E ratio

(c)

Why the P/E ratio changed? (Round your intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

The stock price % while EPS only

11.Problem 2-21 Depreciation and cash flow [LO5]

The Jupiter Corporation has a gross profit of $726,000 and $337,000 in depreciation expense. The Saturn Corporation also has $726,000 in gross profit, with $48,300 in depreciation expense. Selling and administrative expense is $220,000 for each company.

(a)

Given that the tax rate is 40 percent, compute the cash flow for both companies. (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Jupiter

Saturn

Cash flow

(b)

What is the difference in cash flow between the two firms? (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Difference in cash flow

12.Problem 2-22 Free cash flow [LO4]

Coastal Pipeline, Inc., anticipated cash flow from operating activities of $9 million in 2010. It will need to spend $6.0 million on capital investments in order to remain competitive within the industry. Common stock dividends are projected at $1.20 million and preferred stock dividends at $.65 million.

(a)

What is the firm’s projected free cash flow for the year 2010? (Enter your answer in millions of dollars rounded to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Free cash flow

$ million

(b)

What does the concept of free cash flow represent?

13.Problem 2-24 Book value and market value [LO2, 3]

The Rockford Corporation has assets of $418,000, current liabilities of $126,000, and long-term liabilities of $131,000. There is $38,700 in preferred stock outstanding; 20,000 shares of common stock have been issued.

(a)

Compute book value (net worth) per share. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Book value per share

$

(b)

If there is $32,300 in earnings available to common stockholders and Rockford’s stock has a P/E of 21 times earnings per share, what is the current price of the stock? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Current price

$

(c)

What is the ratio of market value per share to book value per share? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

Ratio

14.Problem 2-25 Book value and market value [LO2, 3]

Amigo Software, Inc., has total assets of $820,000, current liabilities of $181,000, and long-term liabilities of $210,000. There is $90,000 in preferred stock outstanding. Thirty thousand shares of common stock have been issued.

(a)

Compute book value (net worth) per share. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Book value per share

$

(b)

If there is $52,800 in earnings available to common stockholders and the firm’s stock has a P/E of 26 times earnings per share, what is the current price of the stock? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Current price

$

(c)

What is the ratio of market value per share to book value per share? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

Ratio

15.Problem 2-27 Construction of income statement and balance sheet [LO1, 3]

On December 31, 2009, the balance sheet of Baxter Corporation was as follows:

Current Assets

Liabilities

Cash

$

13,000

Accounts payable

$

15,000

Accounts receivable

18,000

Notes payable

23,000

Inventory

28,000

Bonds payable

53,000

Prepaid expenses

12,300

Fixed Assets

Stockholders’ Equity

Plant and equipment (gross)

$

253,000

Preferred stock

$

23,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation

50,600

Common stock

58,000

Paid-in capital

28,000

Net plant and equipment

202,400

Retained earnings

73,700

Total assets

$

273,700

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

273,700

Sales for 2010 were $235,000, and the cost of goods sold was 60 percent of sales. Selling and administrative expense was $23,500. Depreciation expense was 11 percent of plant and equipment (gross) at the beginning of the year. Interest expense for the notes payable was 9 percent, while the interest rate on the bonds payable was 15 percent. This interest expense is based on December 31, 2009, balances. The tax rate averaged 20 percent.

$2,300 in preferred stock dividends were paid and $9,560 in dividends were paid to common stockholders. There were 10,000 shares of common stock outstanding.

During 2010, the cash balance and prepaid expenses balances were unchanged. Accounts receivable and inventory increased by 9 percent. A new machine was purchased on December 31, 2010, at a cost of $38,000.

Accounts payable increased by 35 percent. Notes payable increased $6,300 and bonds payable decreased $11,500, both at the end of the year. The preferred stock, common stock, and paid-in capital in excess of par accounts did not change.

(a)

Prepare an income statement for 2010. (Round EPS answer to 2 decimal places. Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

(b)

Prepare a statement of retained earnings for 2010. (Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

(c)

Prepare a balance sheet as of December 31, 2010. (Be sure to list the assets and liabilities in order of their liquidity. Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

16.Problem 2-28 Statement of cash flows [LO4]

Given is the Income Statement for the year ended December 31, 2010, Statement of Retained Earnings for the year ended December 31, 2010 and Comparative Balance Sheets for 2009 and 2010 of Jeter Corporation:

JETER CORPORATION
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Sales

$

4,240,000

Cost of goods sold

2,810,000

Gross profits

1,430,000

Selling and administrative expense

738,000

Depreciation expense

236,000

Operating income

456,000

Interest expense

88,000

Earnings before taxes

368,000

Taxes

173,000

Earnings after taxes

195,000

Preferred stock dividends

10,000

Earnings available to common stockholders

$

185,000

Shares outstanding

150,000

Earnings per share

$

1.23

Statement of Retained Earnings
For the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Retained earnings, balance, January 1, 2010

$

320,500

Add: Earnings available to common stockholders, 2010

185,000

Deduct: Cash dividends declared and paid in 2010

181,000

Retained earnings, balance, December 31, 2010

$

324,500

Comparative Balance Sheets
For 2009 and 2010

Year-End
2009

Year-End
2010

Assets

Current assets:

Cash

$

113,000

$

481,600

Accounts receivable (net)

563,000

607,000

Inventory

602,000

664,000

Prepaid expenses

60,900

30,900

Total current assets

1,338,900

1,783,500

Investments (long-term securities)

91,600

89,600

Plant and equipment

2,520,000

2,640,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation

1,940,000

2,176,000

Net plant and equipment

580,000

464,000

Total assets

$

2,010,500

$

2,337,100

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

342,000

$

581,000

Notes payable

548,000

548,000

Accrued expenses

75,000

51,600

Total current liabilities

965,000

1,180,600

Long-term liabilities:

Bonds payable, 2015

135,000

242,000

Total liabilities

1,100,000

1,422,600

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred stock, $100 par value

90,000

90,000

Common stock, $1 par value

150,000

150,000

Capital paid in excess of par

350,000

350,000

Retained earnings

320,500

324,500

Total stockholders’ equity

910,500

914,500

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

2,010,500

$

2,337,100

Prepare a statement of cash flows for the Jeter Corporation. (Amounts to be deducted should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

17.Problem 2-32 P/E ratio [LO2]

Given is the Income Statement for the year ended December 31, 2010, Statement of Retained Earnings for the year ended December 31, 2010 and Comparative Balance Sheets for 2009 and 2010 of Jeter Corporation:

JETER CORPORATION
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Sales

$

4,190,000

Cost of goods sold

2,820,000

Gross profits

1,370,000

Selling and administrative expense

685,000

Depreciation expense

319,000

Operating income

366,000

Interest expense

89,300

Earnings before taxes

276,700

Taxes

227,000

Earnings after taxes

49,700

Preferred stock dividends

10,000

Earnings available to common stockholders

$

39,700

Shares outstanding

150,000

Earnings per share

$

.26

Statement of Retained Earnings
For the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Retained earnings, balance, January 1, 2010

$

45,900

Add: Earnings available to common stockholders, 2010

39,700

Deduct: Cash dividends declared and paid in 2010

25,000

Retained earnings, balance, December 31, 2010

$

60,600

Comparative Balance Sheets
For 2009 and 2010

Year-End
2009

Year-End
2010

Assets

Current assets:

Cash

$

173,000

$

60,000

Accounts receivable (net)

549,000

573,000

Inventory

645,000

686,000

Prepaid expenses

61,600

37,800

Total current assets

1,428,600

1,356,800

Investments (long-term securities)

90,100

84,700

Plant and equipment

2,240,000

2,930,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation

1,990,000

2,309,000

Net plant and equipment

250,000

621,000

Total assets

$

1,768,700

$

2,062,500

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

307,000

$

555,000

Notes payable

558,000

558,000

Accrued expenses

72,800

50,900

Total current liabilities

937,800

1,163,900

Long-term liabilities:

Bonds payable, 2015

195,000

248,000

Total liabilities

1,132,800

1,411,900

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred stock, $100 par value

90,000

90,000

Common stock, $1 par value

150,000

150,000

Capital paid in excess of par

350,000

350,000

Retained earnings

45,900

60,600

Total stockholders’ equity

635,900

650,600

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,768,700

$

2,062,500

If the market value of a share of common stock is 3.2 times book value for 2010, what is the firm’s P/E ratio for 2010? (Round your intermediate calculations to 2 decimal places. Enter only numeric value rounded to the nearest whole number.)

P/E ratio

18.Problem 3-14 Du Pont system of analysis [LO3]

The King Card Company has a return-on-assets (investment) ratio of 19 percent.

(a)

If the debt-to-total-assets ratio is 60 percent, what is the return on equity? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Return on equity

(b)

If the firm had no debt, what would the return-on-equity ratio be? (Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Return on equity

19.Problem 3-15 Du Pont system of analysis [LO3]

Using the Du Pont method, evaluate the effects of the following relationships for the Lollar Corporation.

(a)

Lollar Corporation has a profit margin of 5.5 percent and its return on assets (investment) is 8.75 percent. What is its assets turnover ratio?(Enter only numeric value rounded to 2 decimal places.)

Assets turnover ratio

(b)

If the Lollar Corporation has a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 65 percent, what would the firm’s return on equity be? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Return on equity

(c)

What would happen to return on equity if the debt-to-total-assets ratio decreased to 60 percent? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Return on equity

20.Problem 3-16 Du Pont system of analysis [LO3]

Jerry Rice and Grain Stores has $4,670,000 in yearly sales. The firm earns 4.5 percent on each dollar of sales and turns over its assets 3.5 times per year. It has $193,000 in current liabilities and $374,000 in long-term liabilities.

(a)

What is its return on stockholders’ equity? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

Return on stockholders’ equity

(b)

If the asset base remains the same as computed in part a, but total asset turnover goes up to 4.00, what will be the new return on stockholders’ equity? Assume that the profit margin stays the same as do current and long-term liabilities. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

New return on stock holders’ equity

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