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Cell phones – How have they changed us socially? sample essay

After more than a century, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines continues to perform a significant role in nation-building and it remains steadfast in its resolve to participate in the national and global academic arena. The current university administration, with Dr. Emanuel C. De Guzman at the helm, strengthens and highlights even further the role of the University in the production of important knowledge, information and ideas as aptly reflected in the University’s vision of becoming an EPISTEMIC COMMUNITY. In this regard, the University adopts a clear, practical, and realizable University Research Agenda (URA) meant and calculated to (1) unify the direction and framework of the research activities of the University; (2) align the research efforts of the University with the thrust and priorities of the National government agencies, such as the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), the National Economic and Development Agency (NEDA), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and others; and (3) generate researches, scientific innovations, speculative and theoretical paradigms which are expected to drive economic, scientific, social, moral and technological development. The University Research Agenda is categorized into five general themes, to wit: (1) peace, security and poverty reduction; (2) accelerating infrastructure development; (3) competitive industry and entrepreneurship; (4) social and cultural development; and (5) conservation, protection and rehabilitation of the environment towards sustainable development. 1


This research theme addresses three important national and global issues that mankind is squarely faced: peace, security and poverty. The University is in the belief that these issues are interrelated—solving one means solving others. A. Peace and Security Studies

Peace and security studies and researches are expected (1) understand the causes of armed conflicts, religious disagreements, cultural clashes, war, terrorism, genocide, human rights violations and others; (2) develop ways and devises to prevent and resolve identified peace and security problems; and ultimately (3) build peaceful and just communities, systems, and societies. Obviously, these types of studies require interdisciplinary approaches and expertise. Henceforth, researches with the following topics could meet the above expectations: (1) Understand the causes of armed conflicts, religious disagreements, cultural clashes, war, terrorism, genocide, human rights violations and others with focus or emphasis on:

a. Political dynamics,
b. Democratization,
c. National and human security,
d. Social Issues,
e. Social Movements,
f. Migration,
g. International relations and trans-border issues,
h. Internationalization,
i. World politics,
j. Ethnographic and ethnicity studies,
k. Knowledge and Belief systems,
l. Religion and Philosophy,
m. Human growth and development,
n. Other related topics.

(2) Develop ways and devises to prevent and resolve identified peace and security problems, particularly on:
a. Organizational communication,
b. Development communication,
c. Cross-cultural communication,
d. Peace communication,
e. Psycho-trauma and crisis intervention,
f. Translation studies,
g. Ethno-linguistics,
h. Behavioral, psychosocial, psychological researches,
i. Macroeconomics and globalization issues, and
j. Other related topics.

(3) Build peaceful and just communities, systems and societies, exploring:
a. Access, equity and ethics,
b. Globalization of education and cross cultural aspects,
c. Institutional development,
d. Women and children issues,
e. Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual and Transsexual (LGBT) issues,
f. Gender and development studies, and
g. Other related topics.

B. Poverty Reduction Studies
The University works with the paradigm that the poverty issue is multi-dimensional and is driven by multifarious causes. Poverty studies therefore should cover the many facets of the causes and effects of poverty as well as the ways of addressing them. They should also be linked with peace and security concerns of localities, regions and countries. The studies should reveal the relationships of poverty to security, human rights, governance, lack of education, and limited access to social services for according to Kofi Annan, development cannot be enjoyed without security and security cannot be enjoyed without development. Roles and models on local resource and local actors mobilization, increasing productivity and creativity, community-driven development, and development partnerships between public and private sector should likewise be included among the focus of poverty studies. The following research topics are herein identified for poverty reduction according to different dimensions: Social, Political and Cultural Dimension

Knowledge and Belief systems
Social Welfare
Local Government Studies
Public-private partnership
Public personnel management and development
Marriage and Family
Human development and social protection
Quality of Life
Fighting poverty with good governance
Other related topics

Educational Dimension
Educational technology/Innovation and change
Communication Technology
Student support services
Professional development and faculty support
Quality assurance
Curricular benchmarking
Institutional development
Policy studies
Outcome-based education
Inquiry-based education
Promotion of full, decent and productive employment
Transformative education
Consumers’ Rights
Teacher and student achievements
Quality service
Home-School-Community collaboration
Employment impact
Graduate tracer studies

Economic Dimension
National and local economic policies
Growth and equity
Local/community and distributive economics
SMEs, cooperatives and social enterprise
Food sufficiency and productivity
Corporate social responsibility
Supply chain management
Micro-finance/micro lending strategies


Consistent with the National Government’s thrust, the University is determined to effect significant economic growth, human development and social protection through acceleration of infrastructure development. Undoubtedly, infrastructure development is one of the major priorities of the national government as it is clearly and concretely outlined in the recent National Economic and Development Authority agenda. The University, in support to the government’s efforts, undertakes to provide the country with research-based studies, scientific and engineering innovations that would enable both the government and private sectors in hastening infrastructure development. The University identified the following areas and topics to concentrate on: Hard Infrastructures and Software Infrastructures. Hard Infrastructureswhich are meant to support the drivers of economic growth such as tourism, agriculture, industry, energy and others, specifically:

Urban and Rural Housing
Transportation and Structural Engineering
Energy Related Infrastructure (e.g. power sources, upgrade of existing power plants, etc.)
Transportation technology
Energy conservation facilities
Flood control and management
Irrigation systems
Resettlement frameworks for informal settlers
Water treatment facilities
Transport policy studies
Other related topics
Software Infrastructureswhich are meant to provide the necessary services for human development and social protection such education, health, information technology and others specifically:

Software development and theory
Transaction processing systems
Management Information Systems/Reporting Systems
Distance Teaching Systems and Institutions
E-Learning and related technology development
Internet and web applications development
Data engineering and Ubiquitous computing
Knowledge management
Mobile computing systems
Computer Aided Instructions
Network security and issues
IT-Enabled Services


The University recognizes the country’s need to strengthen the competitiveness of its industries particularly those which are driving the nation forward in terms of economic growth such as tourism, agriculture, skilled manpower in ICT and language proficiency, retail, exports, investments and banking. Furthermore, PUP is one with the National Government in its objective of assuring rapid and sustained growth for the country. In view of this, the University with its various academic and research arms, identify important research topics and areas which could be explored to reveal important trends, issues and challenges confronting these industries; and to discover devices and ways to address these challenges. The following research topics are hereunder identified:

Market for Agriculture Industry
Cooperative Management
Resource Management
Quality Management
Medium and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
Executive/Enterprises Information Systems
Industry needs analysis
Human resource management practices and issues
Management studies (Cooperative management, resource management, quality management)
Work values
Macro and micro economics
Investments and banking systems and operations
Enhancing competitiveness of industry and services
Intelligent agents in Ecommerce
Management and organization
Tourism and Hospitality Management
National and Local Economic Policy research (NEDA, LGU projects, DTI) Another related facet of this research theme is entrepreneurship. Along this line, the University hereunder identified the following research topics and areas: Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Studies

Development Projects
Business Development and Innovations
Product Development
Incubation and commercialization
Business generation
E-Business researches/ E-commerce


Culture and society are linked to each other. Generally, culture is an important element of social development. The University, with its strong Academic/ Research Centers and Institutes pertaining to cultural and social studies, is bent to support the national government in the: (1) creation of intellectual potential; (2) building of human capital; (3) popularization of culture, arts and heritage; (4) forging social integration; (5) promotion of national identity through local and national historiography; (6) prevention of social pathologies; (7) initiation and establishment of cooperation; (8) advancement and promotion of national solidarity and patrimony; and (9) reduction of disproportions of personal development of citizens as a form of social advancement. The following research topics are identified in order to direct the University research activities along the line of cultural and social development: Philosophical Studies

Sociological Studies
Literature, Performing Arts, Visual Arts, Folk Arts
Heritage studies/ Intangible cultural heritage/Heritage conservation Popular culture
Filipino worldview
Media in the ASEAN
Filipino culture
Communication and society
Media laws and ethics
Communication technology
Media literacy
Media usage and effects
Information campaign and evaluation, AD/PR principles and case studies Human growth and development studies
Sexuality and health-risk behaviors
Organizational behavior, multiple intelligences, giftedness and learning disabilities Technology-mediated, language learning and teaching, Philippine languages, translation studies, ethnolinguistics, registers


Conservation, protection and rehabilitation of the environment is a significant factor in the maintenance of community`s sustainability. It includes the sustainable use and management of the natural resources such as water, natural energy, air, wildlife and minerals. The University recognizes this as a very important element of national development. The following research areas and topics have been identified to generate knowledge to supplement the existing body of works regarding the management, care, use and exploitation of the natural resources:

Climate change mitigation
Climate change adaptation
Disaster management, preparedness and monitoring
Energy conservation
Environmental conservation and preservation
Environment protection and stewardship
Urban ecology
Global warming

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