Climate Zones sample essay
The word is divided into 6 climate zones. These zones depend on several factors. The first is temperature; if a country lies near the equator it tends to be hot; but if it’s near the poles it tends to be colder. A country can also have a cold climate if it’s very mountainous with most of its land sitting well above sea level. Wind direction can also influence climate. If winds are being blow from a hot area they will raise temperatures, the opposite is also true. If winds have been blown from cold areas, they will lower temperatures. Closeness to the sea is also important in deciding a country climate. That’s because the sea cannot warm up or cool down as much as land. So coastal areas don´t really experience extremes in temperature, but areas and countries well away from the influences of the sea can get very hot and very cold.
Not every part of the world has the same seasons either. We have four seasons; summer, winter, fall and spring. However, some countries only have two seasons. A wet season and a dry season, whilst countries on the equator can have the same temperature and weather all the yearlong. There are 6 different climate zones. These are temperate, where winters are cold and summers are mild; polar where its very cold and dry and all year long; arid, here its stays dry and hot; tropical, where it stays hot and wet all of the year; Mediterranean, where the winters are mild and the summers hot and dry; mountainous, where it stays very cold throughout the year.
Temperate climates don’t have extremes of temperature or rainfall; it’s neither too warm or too cold, too wet or too dry. Temperate climate can be quite changeable, one day it could be raining, the next that may be sunny it is also very difficult to forecast.
Polar climates stay very cold throughout the year. They include the tundra and ice cap climates, where temperatures stay below freezing all of the time.
Arid climates are normally hot and also very dry so they have severe lack of water.
Countries close to the equator, where the weather is hot and humid have tropical climate. In tropical climate during the wet season, it can rain very heavily almost every day.
A Mediterranean climate produces hot, dry and cooler wetter winters. This type of climate occurs in regions around Mediterranean Sea; but you can also get a Mediterranean-style climate.
A mountain climate usually refers to countries with high lands consequently; the climate is normally cold and with occasional snow. Alpine climates consisting of glaciers, high level pastureland and rare plant life are also included in this climate zone.
Scientists believe that the world’s climate is changing as a result of the huge quantities of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that were pumping into the Earths atmosphere. This had led to increasingly unpredictable and extreme weather so as the Earth heats up in the years ahead, we may find that the climate in each of these zones could change too. Four instances, our polar regions may experience milder weather causing the ice caps and permafrost to melt. Some scientists also believe that climate change may also make the Amazon region much drier resulting in the large-scale destruction of tropical rainforest.
The earth has six climate zones; temperate zone, polar zone, arid zone, tropical zone, Mediterranean zone, and mountainous zone.
Temperate climates don’t have extremes of temperature or rainfall; it’s neither too warm or too cold, too wet or too dry.
Polar climates stay very cold throughout the year.
Arid climates are normally hot and also very dry.
In tropical climate during the wet season, it can rain very heavily almost every day.
A Mediterranean climate produces hot, dry and cooler wetter winters.
The climate is normally cold and with occasional snow.
CHANGE IN THE FUTURE:
World’s climate is changing as a result of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that were pumping into the Earths atmosphere. This had led to increasingly unpredictable and extreme weather so as the Earth heats up in the years ahead; the climate in each of these zones could change too.
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