Commercial Arable Farming Essay

Commercial Arable Farming Essay

Do Not Copy. Order Custom, Original Paper.

Seeds

Breeders keep bringing out new varieties that are more productive than their predecessors. This is achieved in several areas, better resistance to disease, better standing power (we do not want crops flat on the ground at harvest time) greater tonnage with better quality characteristics. The future is genetic modification (GM) assuming this is put in place with the appropriate level of environmental sensitivity and consequential research. The simple fact is that if it can be made to work we will be able to design plants that will no longer need spraying. These plants will be specifically designed to withstand the diseases and predators in the environment in which they are grown.

The only sprays required will be roundup (which biodegrades naturally within ten days) to control all weeds growing in the crop and an herbicide that kills the volunteer crop after harvest. We are talking of an organic utopia. No wonder the Organic lobbies having invested in there so called conversion are so opposed to cheap organic food for all. We are talking vested interests, no moral high ground here. The other major plus of GM is the potential to design crops for the specific purpose of industrial end use such as medicines plastics and oil. The benefit other than renew ability of these organic products would be to take significant arable acres away from growing food. The result might be to see slightly more expensive food, good for this vested interest!

Factors
Commercial agriculture contains six key factors:

1. Location

Commercial farms must move their products to market. Farms need to be located near transportation systems. Trucks, ships, planes, and trains are several ways that products can be moved from where they are grown or made to where customers can buy them.

2. Climate

A farm’s soil, as well as the climate of the region in which it is located, determine what crops will grow there or whether the land can support livestock. The temperature and rainfall can also determine the type of crop grown. For example, oranges must be grown in a hot climate. They will not grow if the temperature is too cold.

3. Raw Materials

A commercial farm depends on raw material. For example, a farmer will plant grain to get wheat. A farmer will have dairy cows to produce milk. Seeds and animals are two examples of raw materials used in commercial agriculture.

4. Market Forces

Supply and demand are important for selling agricultural products. If there is a high deman for a product and low supply, the price will be increased.

5. Labour

People who work on farms provide different types of labour. Labour is needed to plant crops, as well as to harvest them. This is important because some produce, such as grapes, need to be hand harvested.

6. Transportation

Movement of agricultural products to market depends on transportation systems. For example, produce is shipped by rail in special refrigerated cars, then shipped across the ocean. Some crops such as fruit, must get to the market quickly, or else they will rot; crops like these are often shipped shorter distances or are sold in the regions where they are grown.

Physical Factors

There are a number of physical factors that makes arable farming in this area Relief- the land is very flat and is mostly 100m above sea level this makes it easy to use machinery and roads and railways have easily been constructed. Soils – mostly fertile boulder clays that were laid down during the last ice age are good for growing cereals, sugar beet and potatoes. Loam soils are good for growing vegetables, fruit and cereals and retain the plant foods and moisture.

Waterlogged soils are good for grazing cattle for dairying and the infertile soils in this region such as Breckland can be planted with trees such as pine which can be harvested. Climate – The area tends to be in the rain shadow and rainfall is mostly in the region of 500-700mm per year. There are long warm summers with average temperatures of 17 degrees and long hours of sunshine in the summer which allow sufficient crop growth and the ability to ripen cereal crops.

Human Factors

Location – it is situated in the east of England to the North of London which means that it is close to a good market for the produce. There is a good motorway network to the most densely populated regions of the UK and also a good east coast railway line which means rappid transport of produce (this is important with perishable food stuff) Politics – Since joining the EU many of the farmers in East Anglia have benefited from the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) as they have recieved subsidies for growing certain types of cereal crops such as wheat, oilseed rape and linseed.

Development

Commercial farming is a progression from diversified (sometimes called mixed) farming, when the farmer’s intention is to produce goods for sale primarily for widespread consumption by others. The farmer may acquire a sufficiently large amount of arable land and/or sufficiently advanced technology. In advanced countries, there is also investment in expensive capital equipment like tractors, harvesters and so forth. At this point, it may become more profitable for the farmer to specialize and focus on one or a few particular crops due to economies of scale.

This may be further augmented by higher levels of technology that might significantly reduce the risk of poor harvests. Thus, the key difference between commercial farming and less-developed forms of agriculture is the new emphasis on capital formation, scientific progress and technological development, as opposed to a reliance mainly on natural resource utilization that is common to subsistence and diversified agriculture.

Types

There are types of commercial agriculture:

* Intensive Commercial Farming: A system of agriculture in which relatively large amounts of capitol or labour and applied to relatively smaller areas of land. It is practiced in countries where the population pressure is reducing the size of landholdings. The State of West Bengal in India provides one of the best examples of intensive commercial farming. * Extensive Commercial Farming: It is a system of agriculture in which relatively small amounts of capital or labour investment are applied to relatively large areas of land.

At times, the land is left fallow to regain its fertility. It is mostly mechanized as labour is very expensive or may not be available at all. It usually occurs at the margin of the agricultural system, at a great distance from market or on poor land of limited potential. It is practiced usually in the tarai regions of southern Nepal. Crops grown are sugarcane, rice and wheat. * Plantation Agriculture: Plantation is a large farm or estate usually in a tropical or sub-tropical country where crops are grown for sale in distant markets rather than local consumption.

Factors

Commercial agriculture contains six key factors:

1. Location

Commercial farms must move their products to market. Farms need to be located near transportation systems. Trucks, ships, planes, and trains are several ways that products can be moved from where they are grown or made to where customers can buy them.

2. Climate

A farm’s soil, as well as the climate of the region in which it is located, determine what crops will grow there or whether the land can support livestock. The temperature and rainfall can also determine the type of crop grown. For example, oranges must be grown in a hot climate. They will not grow if the temperature is too cold.

3. Raw Materials

A commercial farm depends on raw material. For example, a farmer will plant grain to get wheat. A farmer will have dairy cows to produce milk. Seeds and animals are two examples of raw materials used in commercial agriculture.

4. Market Forces

Supply and demand are important for selling agricultural products. If there is a high demand for a product and low supply, the price will be increased.

5. Labour

People who work on farms provide different types of labor. Labors are needed to plant crops, as well as to harvest them. This is important because some produce, such as grapes, need to be hand harvested.

6. Transportation

Movement of agricultural products to market depends on transportation systems. For example, produce is shipped by rail in special refrigerated cars, and then shipped across the ocean. Some crop such as fruits, must get to the market quickly, or else they will rot; crops like these are often shipped shorter distances or are sold in the regions where they are grown.


  • StudyAcer

    4.7/5
  • Trustpilot

    4.6/5
  • Sitejabber

    4.6/5

Need help with writing Commercial Arable Farming Essay?

Get help

CHOOSE YOUR WRITER

Writer avatar
Dr.JamesPhD

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 373

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 592

Hello, I am a full-time professional freelance writer with over 6 years experience in academic writing. I have a PhD in Strategic Management and have done several projects in business management, marketing and other subjects. This experience has helped me reinforce my ability to work in various fields and handle simple and complex topics. I am a...

Writer avatar
Dr.SUCCESS

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 1326

Success rate 99%

Completed projects: 1976

Hello :) My name is Dr.Success, I've started on my path as a professional writer mostly by writing essays. However, in the years since then, I've written various other academic papers, from research works to book reviews. From Sydney to New York, there are hundreds of students all over the world that are happy with the services I've provided the...

Writer avatar
MarvellousTutor

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 371

Success rate 97%

Completed projects: 1173

Hi there! Im MarvellousTutor, your perfect author with huge writing experience in English, Art and Business. What? Need assignment on another subject? No worries: I can deal with anything! If you're dreaming of the reliable, responsible and always-on-time writer, here I am! I manage my time greatly, thus, your deadline is highly important for me...

Writer avatar
Prof_Stephen

Rating: 4.7/5    Reviews 891

Success rate 97%

Completed projects: 1136

Hello there! My name is Prof Stephen. I have been a full-time freelance researcher and writer for a period of over 6 years. I have successfully completed over 1000 projects and assignments. I have had a good professional relationship with my clients who always come back for more quality papers since I highly value quality, professionalism, and i...

Writer avatar
Prof.TzKelly

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 244

Success rate 97%

Completed projects: 479

I'm ProfTzKelly, talented wordsmith, grammar afficionado, and writing machine. I'm written everything from outlines to screenplays and book reviews to advanced research papers. All you have to do to be well on your way to a great grade is chat with me! I'm experienced in all major styles, including APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and Vancouver. You ...

Writer avatar
ProfAcer

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 465

Success rate 96%

Completed projects: 852

Hey! My name is ProfAcer, and my goal is to help you to get through a tough period of your life. I've been a student, and I know that the amount of work some professors expect you to do can be unfair and overwhelming. And that's without even accounting for the job you probably have an active social life each student should have. There is no sham...

Writer avatar
ProfessorEunice

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 412

Success rate 99%

Completed projects: 719

In academic writing, quality, originality, and deadlines are vital, and these are my primary offerings to all my clients. I have two years of experience as a full-time academic writer, with over 300 finance, economics, marketing, business, and general papers written from scratch. Since joining this site, I have also tackled sociology, healthcare...

Writer avatar
ProfWriters

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 482

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 783

Hello, I am Prof Writers, I am a bold, accurate, and experienced tutor committed to providing clients with high quality, original, and timely work. As a writer, proficiency in several disciplines in academic writing is necessary, and that is why I prioritize on delivering quality and appropriate work. Be assured that I will always follow the lai...

Writer avatar
Think_Tank

Rating: 4.8/5    Reviews 319

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 584

Hello! People call me ThinkTank, and I've been earning money as an academic writer for years. With a lot of works under my belt, you can bet that I've dealt with dozens of various topics and different forms of papers, including essays, research papers, and even dissertations. I like the challenge that comes with this job. I first fell in love wi...