Greek Mythology and Athena Essay
1. True myth is primarily concerned with:
a. the gods b. wars c. heroes d. animals
2. What does Athena offer to Athens in her contest with Poseidon? a. the knowledge of weaving b. the olive tree c. victory in battle d. wisdom 3. What goddess does Iris usually serve?
a. Athena b. Aphrodite c. Artemis d. Hera
4. With what goddess is Hephaestus often associated through practical wisdom, arts and crafts, and the advance of civilization? a. Hera b. Artemis c. Athena d. Aphrodite
5. Which goddess is not one of the three goddesses that Aphrodite was unable to overpower? a. Demeter b. Artemis c. Athena d. Hestia
6. Why did Gaia punish Uranus?
a. He killed their children as soon as they were born. b. He refused to lie with Gaia when she came to him. c. He refused to allow their children to leave the womb of earth. d. He wanted Themis to take her mother’s place. 7. What animal is Athena most closely identified with?
a. the owl b. the dolphin c. the spider d. the lion
8. Aphrodite Pandemos means which of the following?
a. Celestial Aphrodite b. Common Aphrodite c. Genital Aphrodite d. Lustful Aphrodite 9. What Trojan youth did Zeus carry off to become cupbearer of the gods? a. Hebe b. Ganymede c. Hector d. Paris
10. What does the word chthonic or cthonian mean?
a. pertaining to the sea b. having to do with the earth c. related to the sky d. characteristic of the citadel 11. Who wrote the Theogony?
a. Homer b. Hesiod c. Vergil d. Ovid
12. Whom did Poseidon mate with in the form of a stallion?
a. Demeter b. Medusa c. Amphitrite d. Scylla
13. Who wrote the Prometheus Bound?
a. Ovid b. Euripides c. Aeschylus d. Plato
14. Which of the following is not an epithet of Athena?
a. Pallas b. Glaukopis c. Metis d. Tritogeneia
15. Who is the consort of Poseidon?
a. Galatea b. Scylla c. Amphitrite d. Thetis
16. Who is the hunter that caught Artemis bathing?
a. Orion b. Arcas c. Actaeon d. Tityos
17. Which best describes an etiological interpretation of myth? a. It attempts to see myth as a metaphor. b. It attempts to understand myth in terms of an underlying ritual. c. It attempts to see myth as a pre-scientific mode of explanation. d. It attempts to uncover the historical kernel behind all myth. 18. In some versions of her birth, who is the mother of Aphrodite? a. Ge b. Hera c. Cybele d. Dione
19. Who will eventually rescue Prometheus from his sufferings? a. Heracles b. Perseus c. Zeus d. Achilles
20. What god gave Theseus three curses?
a. Zeus b. Apollo c. Proteus d. Poseidon
21. What is the name of the guardian that was set over Io?
a. Charon b. Cerberus c. Hermes d. Argus
22. Who wrote the Hippolytus?
a. Sophocles b. Euripides c. Aeschylus d. Seneca
23. Who at times appears as the particular servant of Hera? a. Hermes b. Hestia c. Iris d. Diana
24. What is the name of the Graces, who attend Aphrodite?
a. the Horae b. the Moirae c. the Charites d. the Graeae
25. What did Artemis promise Hippolytus as he lay dying?
a. She will raise him from the dead. b. She will grant him a place in Elysium. c. She will punish a favorite of Aphrodite. d. She will punish Theseus for his curse. 26. What goddesses does Hesiod invoke at the beginning of the Theogony? a. the Fates b. the Graces c. the Muses d. the Sirens
27. With whom does Athena share her function as a deity of war? a. Apollo b. Hephaestus c. Ares d. Mercury
28. What is the hallmark of the Greek conception of the Olympians? a. animism b. theriomorphism c. anthropomorphism d. monotheism 29. Who is the mother of Zeus?
a. Ge b. Rhea c. Gaea d. Cybele
30. What is the most distinguishing feature of the Greek gods? a. omniscience b. omnipotence c. immortality d. physical stature Part II – Short Answer (2 points each)
31. What is the Roman name of Poseidon?
32. What is the Greek term that means a “sacred marriage”?
33. Who is Theseus’ father in the Hippolytus?
34. Who was the sculptor who created a statue that came to life? 35. What is the Roman name for Athena?
36. What does the Greek word mythos mean?
37. Together with what creature is Scylla usually mentioned? 38. What does Pandora’s name mean?
39. To what force may Zeus himself be subject?
40. Who is the mother of the Muses?
Part III – Essay (20 points)
Write an essay on one of the questions listed below. Be sure to make direct reference to primary sources (i.e. passages [included in the textbook] of ancient authors) to support your statements; with the exception of the textbook, do not base your discussion on any other secondary sources. The essay must be 200-250 words in length. When referring to primary sources, include the following: (1) page number of textbook on which passage occurs, (2) name of the ancient author, (3)title of ancient work from which passage is taken, (4) location within ancient work in which passage occurs. (a)
Discuss Zeus . Include within your discussion an identification of his attributes and the myths associated with him. What do the myths communicate about his character and qualities? or (b) Discuss Athena . Include within your discussion an identification of her attributes and the myths associated with her. What do the myths communicate about her character and qualities?
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