Industrial Design sample essay
It is mandatory for all professionals to know the history of their profession. Where do the origins lie? How did it evolve into a professional activity? Who were the pioneers? What was their contribution ? In fact, history of a profession should be a part of the syllabus !! This essay concentrates on the profession of industrial design. The first phase, titled ‘origins’ reveals the genesis of this profession. It briefly describes the contribution of two pioneering industrial designers of Europe, William Morris and
Henry Cole. The second phase, titled ‘ industrial design in USA’, describes the contribution made by the three pioneering industrial designers of USA, namely, Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Teague and Raymond Loewy. Origins Industrial design is defined thus by the International Council for Societies of Industrial Designers, ICSID, “ It is a creative activity the aim of which is to determine the formal qualities of objects produced by the industry. These formal
qualities include the external features, but are principally those structural and functional relationships which convert a system to a coherent unit both from the viewpoint of the producer and the user. Industrial design embraces all aspects of human environment that are conditioned by industrial production”. (Giard Jacques). Creative and innovative thinking is an activity which is as old as the human race itself, but implementation of these thoughts into the industrially produced
goods is an activity which is barely one and a half centuries old. Prior to mid nineteenth century, goods were produced by hand in a craft oriented economy, but the industrial revolution changed everything. “ The need for a balance between art and industry was soon expressed by concerned groups and individuals and ultimately led to a profession which is now called industrial design. ” ( Giard Jacques). The early developments in industrial design occurred in Europe. In England
William Morris founded the ‘ crafts-based’ school of design and Henry Cole advocated introduction of art into industry. The Government school of design, which was later to become the Royal college of art, was founded in 1837. In Germany, in 1907, industrialists, businessman, artists, and architects joined hands to form the ‘Duetscher Werkbund’. Their manifesto demanded the revival of artistic, moral and social ethics in the industry. This philosophical direction was to become
the founding basis of the Bauhaus, the design school which would influence the development of contemporary industrial design, globally. During the same period in Scandinavia, particularly in Denmark and Sweden, industrial design was adopted in furniture and housewares These relied on natural material and organic forms. Truly, the origins of industrial design as a profession lie in developments in Europe that occurred in the later half of the 19th century. ( Giard Jacques)
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