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Question 1. 1. According to Caroline Heldman, which of the following is a question that applies to her sexual object test? (Points : 1)
[removed] Does the image show people having sex? [removed] Does the image show a person as something that can be bought or sold? [removed] Does the image display a full image of a woman? [removed] Does the image display violence against people in the image?
Question 2. 2. What would best express Colonel Nicholsonâ€™s (Alec Guinness) view regarding what makes a soldier, as expressed in the The Bridge on the River Kwai clip? (Points : 1)
[removed] The virtues of a good soldier are consistent no matter the circumstance. [removed] A good solider only acts virtuously when it benefits himself and his country. [removed] The good soldier regards the enemy as having less intrinsic worth than oneâ€™s own people. [removed] All of the above.
Question 3. 3. In 2003, how many people died in Canada, according to the video â€œDying for Care: Quality Palliative and End of Life Care in Canadaâ€? (Points : 1)
[removed] 350,000 [removed] 2.2 million [removed] 750,000 [removed] 226,000
Question 4. 4. What is Tom Reganâ€™s position about the use of animals in research and agriculture? (Points : 1)
[removed] Animals should be used whenever it can be proven that the human benefits outweigh the harms caused to the animals [removed] Animals should never be used for medical research or commercial agriculture [removed] Animals should only be used for medical research shown to be beneficial to humanity, never for agriculture [removed] Animals should be used in both medical research and agriculture but should be treated as humanely as possible
Question 5. 5. According to the video, â€œReligion, War, and Violence,â€ for a war to be considered just, it must (Points : 1)
[removed] be aimed at repelling aggression [removed] have a strong probability of success [removed] must be only used as a last resort [removed] all of the above
Question 6. 6. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals we find that to act on â€˜dutyâ€™ is (Points : 1)
[removed] to act from a self-seeking purpose [removed] to act because you want to [removed] to act out of respect for law [removed] to act out of the fear of God
Question 7. 7. The Ring of Gyges gave the shepherd who found it (Points : 1)
Question 8. 8. What is Tom Reganâ€™s main criticism of the contractarian approach to ethical duties? (Points : 1)
[removed] It works fine for humans without problems, but it has not yet been applied to animals [removed] It ignores the importance of pain and suffering when it comes to ethics [removed] It would allow all kinds of human injustice if a stronger group is able to oppress the members of a weaker group of people [removed] He does not criticize it; he things that contractarianism, if properly understood, represents the most rational approach to ethical problems
Question 9. 9. Tom Reganâ€™s view of animals is that (Points : 1)
[removed] They are important but not quite as important as human beings [removed] They have rights, which means that they should never be used for human purposes [removed] They may be ethically used because they were bred and raised for that purpose [removed] That they may be eaten because do not have souls like we do and are lower on the food chain
Question 10. 10. Kant explains that respect for a person is: (Points : 1)
[removed] the recognition of the worth of the personâ€™s potential contribution to society. [removed] dependent upon whether the person respects others. [removed] both A and B [removed] none of the above.
Question 11. 11. According to Kant, the moral worth of an action: (Points : 1)
[removed] lies in its conformity to the moral law. [removed] lies in the value of the expected result. [removed] lies in its conformity to Godâ€™s commands. [removed] lies in its usefulness to society.
Question 12. 12. According to Robinson, a person who has integrity is someone who: (Points : 1)
[removed] Does what is right, only if it is approved of by others [removed] Does what is right, even when it is disapproved of by others [removed] Does what is right, only when commanded to do so [removed] Does what is right, unless they are commanded to do otherwise [removed] None of the above
Question 13. 13. Kenneth Anderson argues that the fact that drones make the resort to force easier (Points : 1)
[removed] means that enemies will always be too afraid to attack us [removed] does not mean that drones make the resort to force too easy [removed] means that we should instead favor cruise missiles [removed] all of the above
Question 14. 14. Gilligan claims that females tend to see relationships as these (Points : 1)
Question 15. 15. The conventional doctrine is endorsed by: (Points : 1)
[removed] Rachels. [removed] the American Medical Association. [removed] both a and b. [removed] neither a nor b.
Question 16. 16. In the video â€œDrones Are Not Ethical and Effective,â€ Jeremy Waldron argues that drones are not ethical because their use involves (Points : 1)
[removed] total transparency and accountability [removed] the assurance that only combatants will be targeted [removed] the maintenance of a secret death list by government authorities [removed] all of the above
Question 17. 17. This product was pulled from Abercrombie and Fitch stores based on protests through a blog (Points : 1)
[removed] lingerie [removed] deep V-neck t-shirts [removed] padded swimsuit tops for toddlers [removed] yoga pants
Question 18. 18. Glaukon seems to think that people are (Points : 1)
Question 19. 19. According to John Stuart Mill, utilitarianism takes into account the happiness of: (Points : 1)
[removed] only the agent. [removed] only the agent and those the agent cares about. [removed] everyone, but weights the happiness of the agent more heavily. [removed] everyone, and weights everyoneâ€™s happiness equally.
Question 20. 20. Kant argues that when I find someone in need: (Points : 1)
[removed] I should give whatever spare resources I have unless it makes me worse off than the person Iâ€™m trying to help. [removed] I should consider a world in which no one helped me when I was in need, recognize that I could never will such a world, and help them in the best way that I can. [removed] I should sympathize with them, but recognize that the world is better off overall if we each only look after our own interests. [removed] I should remember that as autonomous beings they are responsible for their own situation, and thus that I have no responsibility to help them out.
Question 21. 21. Which of the following would be an expression of rule utilitarianism, rather than act utilitarianism? (Points : 1)
[removed] â€œItâ€™s okay to torture this person because it may save thousands of lives.â€ [removed] â€œItâ€™s immoral to torture this person because the pain it would cause him outweighs any potential benefits.â€ [removed] â€œEven if torturing this person right now might be beneficial, the overall consequences of permitting torture would be harmful, and so we shouldnâ€™t allow it in any circumstance.â€ [removed] â€œWe shouldn’t torture this person because we wouldnâ€™t want him torturing us.â€
Question 22. 22. Robinson describes magnanimity as the mean between the extremes of: (Points : 1)
[removed] Vanity and vice [removed] Generosity and selfishness [removed] Generosity and greed [removed] Vanity and pusillanimity [removed] None of the above
Question 23. 23. What moral theory does Jeremy Bentham (with whom Singer seems to agree) endorse? (Points : 1)
[removed] Moral relativism [removed] Anarchism [removed] Utilitarianism [removed] Social Contract Theory
Question 24. 24. In the article â€œWar and Massacre,â€ Thomas Nagel argues that moral absolutism (Points : 1)
[removed] is consistent with the principles of utilitarianism [removed] can be used to justify genocide [removed] is primarily concerned with what a person is doing [removed] is primarily concerned with the outcome of a personâ€™s actions
Question 25. 25. Midgley analyzes the position that each society is a separate culture with its own values. This position is known as (Points : 1)
[removed] Moral relativism [removed] Moral isolationism [removed] Moral structuralism [removed] Moral voluntarism
Question 26. 26. Rachels claims that most actual cases of killing: (Points : 1)
[removed] are morally worse than most actual cases of letting die. [removed] are morally the same most actual cases of letting die. [removed] are morally less bad than most actual cases of letting die. [removed] are morally required.
Question 27. 27. According to Leon Kass, the drive to legalize euthanasia can be largely attributed to (Points : 1)
[removed] the rise in a largely technical approach to healing. [removed] an increase in our sympathy. [removed] an increased respect for human dignity. [removed] the secularization of modern society.
Question 28. 28. Nagel argues that the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were just like what other kind of action, just on a larger scale? (Points : 1)
[removed] Killing the wife and child of someone attacking you in order to distract him from his attack. [removed] Bombing a munitions factory and killing some of the civilian workers inside. [removed] Firing at an enemy soldier and hitting an innocent bystander with a stray bullet. [removed] Bombing a convoy of enemy soldiers.
Question 29. 29. Rachels claims that active euthanasia: (Points : 1)
[removed] sometimes leads to more suffering than passive euthanasia. [removed] sometimes leads to the same amount of suffering as passive euthanasia. [removed] sometimes leads to less suffering than passive euthanasia. [removed] all of the above.
Question 30. 30. Robinson agrees with Aquinasâ€™ idea that (Points : 1)
[removed] Honor is a subjective quality [removed] Honor is secondary to integrity [removed] Honor must be displayed in action [removed] Honor is secondary to magnanimity [removed] None of the above
Question 31. 31. Rachels claims that once it has been decided that euthanasia is desirable in a case: (Points : 1)
[removed] a moral error has already been made. [removed] it has been decided that death is no greater an evil than the patientâ€™s continued existence. [removed] it has been decided that the patient does not have a right to life. [removed] the amount of suffering of the patient becomes irrelevant.
Question 32. 32. Aristotle regards passions and feelings like anger as: (Points : 1)
[removed] a sign that one lacks rational control over oneâ€™s state of mind. [removed] always either an excess or a defect in oneâ€™s character. [removed] capable of excess, defect, or the intermediate state characteristic of virtue. [removed] Both (a) and (b).
Question 33. 33. Michael Walzer argues that in the unique world of war, both morality and authority are (Points : 1)
[removed] radically contested [removed] established by rules of war [removed] established by neutral states [removed] none of the above
Question 34. 34. James Rachels points out that when passive euthanasia is employed on infants, they typically die of: (Points : 1)
[removed] poisoning. [removed] SARS. [removed] suffocation. [removed] dehydration and infection.
Question 35. 35. According to Colin Stokes, in this film all the heroic, wise, and villainous characters are female. (Points : 1)
[removed] The Little Mermaid [removed] Star Wars [removed] The Wizard of Oz [removed] Les Miserables
Question 36. 36. This is the name for prostitutes in India who have been dedicated to a female goddess (Points : 1)
Question 37. 37. Kant claims that the moral law is given to each person by: (Points : 1)
[removed] Godâ€™s commands. [removed] oneâ€™s own rational will. [removed] oneâ€™s natural desires. [removed] social conditioning.
Question 38. 38. What does Tom Regan say about the cruelty/kindness approach to animal ethics? (Points : 1)
[removed] The best way to explain animal ethics is in terms of our obligation to be kind and not cruel to animals [removed] It is inadequate because it is possible to do wrong while being kind, and it is possible to do wrong without being deliberately cruel [removed] It has no relevance to animal ethics because animals are cruel to each other [removed] You have to be cruel to be kind, in the right measure
Question 39. 39. Hill claims that a fruitful way to think about the badness of destroying the environment is: (Points : 1)
[removed] To think about what kind of human would choose to destroy the eart