Plight of Indian Farmers Essay

StudyAcer homework Experts at a Glance, Save Time and Excel

Writer avatar
Dr.Emma

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 482

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 783

Hello, I am Prof Writers, I am a bold, accurate, and experienced tutor committed to providing clients with high quality, original, and timely work. As a writer, proficiency in several disciplines in academic writing is necessary, and that is why I prioritize on delivering quality and appropriate work. Be assured that I will always follow the lai...

Writer avatar
Dr.JamesPhD

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 373

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 592

Hello, I am a full-time professional freelance writer with over 6 years experience in academic writing. I have a PhD in Strategic Management and have done several projects in business management, marketing and other subjects. This experience has helped me reinforce my ability to work in various fields and handle simple and complex topics. I am a...

Writer avatar
Dr.Success

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 1326

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 1976

Hello :) My name is Dr.Success, I've started on my path as a professional writer mostly by writing essays. However, in the years since then, I've written various other academic papers, from research works to book reviews. From Sydney to New York, there are hundreds of students all over the world that are happy with the services I've provided the...

Writer avatar
MarvellousTutor

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 371

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 1173

Hi there! Im MarvellousTutor, your perfect author with huge writing experience in English, Art and Business. What? Need assignment on another subject? No worries: I can deal with anything! If you're dreaming of the reliable, responsible and always-on-time writer, here I am! I manage my time greatly, thus, your deadline is highly important for me...

Writer avatar
Prof_Stephen

Rating: 4.7/5    Reviews 891

Success rate 98%

Completed projects: 1136

Hello there! My name is Prof Stephen. I have been a full-time freelance researcher and writer for a period of over 6 years. I have successfully completed over 1000 projects and assignments. I have had a good professional relationship with my clients who always come back for more quality papers since I highly value quality, professionalism, and i...

Writer avatar
Prof.TzKelly

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 244

Success rate 96%

Completed projects: 479

I'm ProfTzKelly, talented wordsmith, grammar afficionado, and writing machine. I'm written everything from outlines to screenplays and book reviews to advanced research papers. All you have to do to be well on your way to a great grade is chat with me! I'm experienced in all major styles, including APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and Vancouver. You ...

Writer avatar
ProfAcer

Rating: 5/5    Reviews 465

Success rate 100%

Completed projects: 852

Hey! My name is ProfAcer, and my goal is to help you to get through a tough period of your life. I've been a student, and I know that the amount of work some professors expect you to do can be unfair and overwhelming. And that's without even accounting for the job you probably have an active social life each student should have. There is no sham...

Writer avatar
ProfessorEunice

Rating: 4.9/5    Reviews 412

Success rate 96%

Completed projects: 719

In academic writing, quality, originality, and deadlines are vital, and these are my primary offerings to all my clients. I have two years of experience as a full-time academic writer, with over 300 finance, economics, marketing, business, and general papers written from scratch. Since joining this site, I have also tackled sociology, healthcare...

Writer avatar
Think_Tank

Rating: 4.8/5    Reviews 319

Success rate 99%

Completed projects: 584

Hello! People call me ThinkTank, and I've been earning money as an academic writer for years. With a lot of works under my belt, you can bet that I've dealt with dozens of various topics and different forms of papers, including essays, research papers, and even dissertations. I like the challenge that comes with this job. I first fell in love wi...

Plight of Indian Farmers Essay

Do Not Copy. Order Custom, Original Paper.

India is an agrarian country and around 60% of its people directly or indirectly depend upon agriculture. Agriculture in India is often attributed as gambling with monsoons because of its almost exclusive dependency on precipitation from monsoons. The failure of these monsoons can lead to a series of droughts, lack of better prices, and exploitation of the farmers by middlemen, all of which have led to a series of suicides committed by farmers across India. Things have always been bleak for the Indian farmer. Here the term ‘farmer’ is used to describe the agriculturists with very small land holdings or no land ownership at all. The policies of the government and the often-lackadaisical attitude of the bureaucracy are responsible for the sorry plight of the farmer. Even the so-called ‘Green Revolution’ was successful only in patches. Not many small farmers could reap the benefits of the technology that required large tracts of land and lot of money.

The policy makers ignored the need for creating infrastructural facilities like irrigation and storage and not to mention the transport facilities. Some of the main causes of the farmers’ mass suicide is due to absence of adequate social support infrastructure at the level of the village and district, uncertainty of agricultural enterprise in India, indebtedness of farmers, rising costs of cultivation, plummeting prices of farm commodities, lack of credit for small farmers, relative absence of irrigation facilities, repeated crop failures. India is transforming rapidly into a primarily urban, industrial society with industry as its main source of income; which is why the government and society remains unconcerned about the condition of the countryside. Moreover, a downturn in the urban economy pushes a large number of distressed non-farmers to try their hand at cultivation; in the absence of any responsible counseling either from the government or society there were many farmers who did not know how to survive in the changing economy. Such stresses pushed many into a corner where suicide became the only option for them.

The problems that plagued the farmers 15 years ago are still glaringly present today: There is little credit available. What is available is very expensive. There is no advice on how best to conduct agriculture operations. Income through farming is not enough to meet even the minimum needs of a farming family. Support systems like free health facilities from the government are virtually non-existent. Non availability of timely credit has been a major drawback for the agricultural sector of India. In a country which relies mostly on agriculture, constant endeavors are needed to see that rural and agricultural credit facilities are enhanced with time. As a part of these efforts, agricultural credit cards got introduced in the agricultural lending system. Similarly cash credit facility was also being offered by many banks.

However, a major shortfall in these schemes remained the fact that they were concentrated mainly to the niche segment. The farmers lying in the higher end of the pyramid received access to these schemes while the marginal and small ones still remained unprivileged. The farmers’ problems should be assessed against the background of rural economy and the marketing of agricultural products. In almost all other economic transactions, those who produce the goods have the right to decide the market price of the product. But farm prices are not fixed on the basis of cost production of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, water and other in-puts, besides electricity and manual labour. Farm products are thrown into the market with the result that their price-structure collapses with market fluctuations. When markets are flooded with farm products, prices come down and a scarcity means the rise of prices. The scarcity is artificially created by middlemen and merchants.

That is why traders of farm products get rich, while farmers remain poor. Traders get bank credit facilities, while farm credit is restricted to crop valuation which is not only uncertain, but considered at a low level by bankers who ascertain the farmers’ credit limit. Agriculture is not a sector for bank loans, and hence land assets are not considered for loan limits. The farmers are so neglected and exploited that, in times of crisis, they either have to get themselves trapped by private moneylenders or commit suicide. More than 17,500 farmers a year killed themselves between 2002 and 2006, according to experts who have analyzed government statistics. In 2006, the state of Maharashtra, with 4,453 farmers’ suicides accounted for over a quarter of the all-India total of 17,060. According to government data, over 5,000 farmers committed suicide between 2005-2009 in Maharashtra, while 1,313 cases were reported by Andhra Pradesh between 2005 and 2007.

In Karnataka the number stood at 1,003, for the period 2005 – 2009. In the last four years, cases there were about 905 cases in Kerala, 387 in Gujarat, 75 in Punjab and 26 in Tamil Nadu. In April 2009, the state of Chhattisgarh reported that 1,500 farmers committed suicide due to debt and crop failure. Farmers often have to take loans from money lenders because of a lack of alternatives, and if the crops fail, they are left with no choice but to commit suicide. The problem is that the Indian government has no plan to subsidize or compensate for farmer’s losses if he fails to compete in the global market or to survive global market fluctuations. Unless their plight is duly assessed, adequate credit facilities are given, and compensation packages finalized, it would be difficult for farmers to survive in any market, particularly under the present rural conditions. The rural people consisting of 70% (including farmers, artisans, fishermen, 93% Tribal’s, 86% Scheduled castes, nomads etc.) do not have the basic facilities as secured by the organized sectors.

These people living in Villages of Bharat are illiterate, do not have basic facilities of health & education neither regular income nor growth. The reason for the lack of facilities is due to lopsided policies adopted in the past after Liberalization process. The leaders as well as Intellectuals have become immune to the problems confronted by rural people. There is a general feeling among farmers of being ‘left behind’ in large parts of rural India. The widening disparity in per capita income between farm and other than farm sector, the very slow rate of growth in agriculture, the declining profitability, extremely weak social security arrangements, weakening family and community based mechanism of social protection, lack of employment opportunities etc., and the rising aspirations are building up social unrest which, if not arrested, could lead to threats to internal peace and security. The worsening cost-risk-return structure of farming, the low and stagnating income of farmers and the huge and widening income divide between farmers and non-farmers are the main deterrents.

The Indian farmers have always been at the receiving end since Independence. Their hard toil fetched them nothing except fake assurances from the rulers of this nation. It’s sad and unfortunate that people who are indispensable for the growth of nation have been left to their fate. This is quite evident from the suicide cases in Andhra and other parts of the country including West Bengal. In states like UP, middlemen and Mandi officials ensure that the farmers turn into object of grief. The need of the hour is implementation of schemes introduced by the government. This can take place effectively if the village panchayats are provided more power to execute them in smooth manner.

Today bureaucratic set-ups eat into their advantages. Again farmers need to be equipped with latest technological accessories that enhance the prospects of better output and thus make their contribution more prominent in the global economy. Better results could be attained if information centers having state-of-the -art facilities are set-up inside each village that shed light on issues related with farmers. They form the backbone of the nation and so it becomes imperative for us to be conscious of their needs.

Recommendations to reduce the plight of Indian Farmers

* Agricultural subsidies should not be stopped but it should be done in an efficient manner so that the needed farmers or poor farmers who are not financially stable can get these facilities and their situation can be improved. Government should have all the details of farmers and on the basis of that list distribution should be done. They should provide subsidies category wise. Improvement in the agricultural sector is one step towards the development of our country. * Comprehensive insurance safety net

* Revamping of extension services in lines with e-choupals; and dissemination of information such as agricultural prices and methods of low-cost organic farming. * Fundamental policy changes to factor in the fluctuating production cost in the minimum Support Price mechanism. * To integrate surface and groundwater irrigation schemes and integrate the line departments in order that the schemes are implemented efficiently. * Policy changes to focus on farmers rather than seed and fertilizer corporations and set up of a commission with statutory powers that takes decisions on issues such as genetic modification technology and its impact on Indian agriculture, agriculture pricing policy and cropping pattern.


Need help with writing Plight of Indian Farmers Essay?

Get help


  • StudyAcer

    4.7/5
  • Trustpilot

    4.6/5
  • Sitejabber

    4.6/5

Please fill in the Order, to get Instant Homework Help


Attach files for the writers' reference