Slavery and Sectional Attitudes Essay
One effect on the issue was that the economy in the south was fueled by cultivation of staple crops that required slaves for labor. In the South slavery wasn’t thought as an evil as in the North because to the Southerners defense the slaves in their opinion were treaty in contrast to workers in England and peasants that were Irish, also the end of slave trade brought higher value to the slaves causing their owners to be less harsh because they were more valuable.
Although slavery fueled the economy in the South it was not the same in the North therefore there was no complete dire need for slavery, and although the slaves probably weren’t treated as bad as the north had thought they still saw it as very dehumanizing as it was. Another reason why there was an issue that the North and South had was that the South was trading with Europe whom were competitors with the North. Uncle Tom’s Cabin and many other contributions were reasons why Northerners also hated slavery whereas in the south these books would be destroyed.
Document A, argues that slaves were not only more reasonable but also more comfortable than the factory works in England or Irish peasants. It tells how people or treated poorly with excess amounts of labor, and horrible working conditions, etc. It states that in the South all their slaves are exempt of that arguing that their slaves are treated well more so than the English and Irish. They believed that were helping the slaves out as if the slaves could not do by themselves.
Slaves in this time were also uneducated, so the owners who were more educated felt as if they were doing the slaves favors, because they fed them, clothed them, provided shelter, basically with the mind of them helping them as their own child. The South also treated their slaves better especially after the end of slave trade. The end of slave trade brought more value to the slave so for you to be brutal to your slaves unnecessarily would be a waste of money. The southern economy was based upon, cotton, tobacco, denim, sugar, and hemp.
All these crops were harvested on plantations that used slave labor. The majority of these crops were sold to British and French trading houses for manufacturing into finished products which were sold around the world. These trading houses had been in existence since the colonial period, and were well established in the southern economy. The majority of the southern plantation owners had borrowed money from these houses against future crops. The plantation owners borrowed heavily and deeply, and with the textile industries of Europe unable to keep up with market demand the value of cotton.
Document B tells how without slaves it would cause a decline in the economy because it would end cultivation of the southern staple crops. It also says how the cultivation of these staple crops could not be carried on in any portion of the country without slaves. The northern states were wanted to buy more raw materials but the European trading houses basically controlled the market and the northern states were the trade competitors of Europe. The tariffs that the USA placed upon manufactured goods to protect the manufacturing north, angered that south who provided the raw materials for these products and were expecting lower prices.
Many southerners made efforts to bring industry to the south and manufacture the raw materials into finished products in the south. However the banks and trading house were able to prevent the south from achieving this on anything but a small scale. Also the south did not have the availability of labor that the north did. In this time if an owner lost a slave he could hire a bounty hunter to go find those slaves, although in many instances where they could not find the slave they would go in to a free state and grab someone else and in court it would be the owners word against the “slaves” which would almost always favor the owner.
Document C, is an image of a free women getting her papers proving her freedom torn up. In southern states, every colored person was presumed to be a slave, till proven free. Owners or bounty hunters that tore up their papers gave the people no proof. Therefore they were able to go to Free states and bring back a free African American and claim them as slaves. Document G, is a catechism for slaves, speaking on how slaves should behave, using God. This catechism made sure that slaves knew that they should be obedient and work for Gods will.
It made it as though God gave them the privilege of having a master or mistress and that all this was in the bible. Document H, is a poster of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the slave laws that allowed bounty hunters to hunt slaves in the north along with criminalizing those that hid or support slaves in any manner brought the issue of slavery to a far greater public in the north. This exposure to the slave issue and the many instances of violence greatly angered the northern population.
Those that did not care about slavery did care about armed gangs marauding over the country side. Some instances became very bloody. There was an instance in which a town refused to release a freed slave in to the hands of bounty hunters and federal Marshall had to be brought in to escort the now free slave and the bounty hunters back south. There were bounty hunters that were killed by anger mobs and people that were beaten, tortured, and killed by bounty hunters. They were bounty hunters that killed other bounty hunters to make off with their captured slaves for the reward.
Some people viewed slaves as equals others viewed slaves as something evil, mainly states in the North, others it helped their economy and did not care as long as they got paid. Many of the poor southerners who often lived in conditions worse than many slaves believed themselves to be superior just because they were freemen, and felt that they would somehow be now better than slaves were slavery do away with. This issue and several other issues as pointed out all led up to the civil war, which with this dispute was bound to happen.
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