Social Research Methods – Qualitative and quantitative approaches MCQs
1. An example of unobtrusive data collection is(are)
a. an interview with college freshmen to determine why they selected a particular school
b. a laboratory experiment designed to determine whether people really prefer Pepsi or Coke
c. a mailed survey designed to discern students attitudes toward a planned change in the schools calendar
2. Which of the following modes of observation does NOT require the researcher to intrude to some degree on whatever he or she is studying?
b. Survey research
c. Complete participant observation
d. Complete observer in field research
e. All of these choices require the researcher to intrude
3. Unobtrusive measures can reduce the problem (s) of
a. the researchers impact on the phenomenon being studied
b. invalid operationalization of concepts
c. unreliable measurements
e. the ecological fallacy
4. Which of the following is (are) illustrative of unobtrusive observations?
a. examining the floor tiles at a museum to determine which exhibits are the most popular
b. examining the number of beer cans in the university garbage collections to determine beer consumption patterns
c. examining the wear on the tires of squad cars to determine the extent of police
d. examining the radio dial settings of cars brought in for oil changes to determine the popularity of radio stations
e. all of these choices illustrate unobtrusive observations
5. If we wanted to determine whether states that pass clean air legislation (no smoking in public areas) are more likely to enact laws requiring motorcyclists to wear helmets than are states that had not passed clean air legislation, the unit of analysis would be
a. the individual states
b. the individual act of legislation
c. passage or nonpassage of the clean air legislation
d. the clean air legislation
e. states that passed clean air legislation
6. You are interested in doing a content analysis on the characteristics people seek in a partner by examining the personals section of three newspapers. Your unit of analysis is:
a. the three newspapers.
b. The characteristics desired in a partner.
c. The individual ads
d. The personals section of the paper
e. The person who wrote the ad
7. Professor Perlman was interested in comparing two textbooks to determine whether one used more sexist language than the other. Perlman counted the number of ties a gender reference (ex: he, she, chairman, etc.) appeared in each book. Perlman was doing
a. latent content coding
b. manifest content coding
c. quota sampling
d. the ecological fallacy
e. base counting
8. Which of the following levels of measurement(s) may be employed in content analysis?
e. all of these choices are correct
9. In which of the following analyses is content analysis LEAST likely to be useful?
a. themes in newspaper editorials
b. the wording of this exam
c. topics covered in class lectures
d. the theme of love as discussed in song
e. dating patterns among high school seniors
10. In comparison to coding the manifest content of communication, coding the latent content
a. has a disadvantage in terms of validity
b. has an advantage in terms of reliability
c. is better designed for tapping the underlying meaning of communication
d. has an advantage in terms of specificity
e. all of thee choices are true
11. The categories used in content analysis should be
a. Mutually exclusive
d. Mutually exclusive and exhaustive
e. Mutually exclusive and nominal
12. Content analysis can be done on newspaper materials and government documents but NOT on diaries and letters
13. As a mode of observation, content analysis is essentially a coding operation
14. Coding in content analysis involves
a. conceptualization and operationalization
b. inductive methods
c. selecting a level of measurement
d. deductive methods
e. all of these choices are involved in coding in content analysis
15. The weaknesses of content analysis include:
a. a researcher cannot use it to study change over time
b. its use influences that which is being studid
c. if you make a coding error, you cannot recode your data
d. it requires special equipment
e. none of these choices is a weakness of content analysis
16. Standard probability sampling techniques should NOT be used in content analysis
17. All content analysis results in counting
18. Existing statistics can be used
a. as the main data for social scientific inquiry
b. to provide a historical context for research
c. to provide a conceptual context for research
d. as a supplemental source of data for social scientific inquiry
e. all of these choices are correct
19. Logical reasoning and replication are used to handle the problem of validity in the analysis of existing statistics.
20 A friend of yours is doing a term paper to compare the infant mortality rates in the United States, Japan, Bolivia, and Pakistan. You tell your friend that a good source to check is
a. Common Cause
b. the Demographic Yearbook
c. the Statistical Abstract of the United States
d. the Gallup poll
e. the Almanac
21. Many existing statistics can be found on the internet.
22. After examining the FBI Crime Reports for a 30=year period, Professor Hall claimed that the incidence of rape has increased. After examining the same reports, Professor Shine claimed that the reporting of rape, not the incidence of rape, has increased. This illustrates
a. the problem of reliability in using existing statistics
b. the problem of validity in using existing statistics
c. the need to replicate existing statistics
d. the ecological fallacy
23. Professor Jenner was interested in using Census Bureau data to examine the trend in unemployment rates in the United States. However, Jenners definition of unemployment did not match the one used by the Census Bureau. Jenner was dealing with the issue of
c. the ecological fallacy
d. ideal types
24. Only official government documents should be used in historical analyses
25. According to Weber, an ideal type indicates the characteristics that the phenomena should strive to attain.
26. Unobtrusive measures reduce the impact of the researcher on the phenomena being studied.
1. Below is a list of measures on the French influence in New Orleans. Which of the measures is NOT an Unobtrusive Measure?
a. the wear on novels in the New Orleans Public Library written in French
b. walking down a street in New Orleans and noticing that most of the signs in stores in a neighborhood are in French or French-Cajun
c. a survey using a three-page questionnaire partly written in French that was distributed to residents of a neighborhood
d. a box of 300 letters written by people living in New Orleans to relatives living in French speaking areas outside the state (e.g., Quebec. between 1980 and 1985
(Page Ref: 321)
Refer to the following paragraph to answer the questions below.
Dr. Simpson conducted a content analysis of the New York Times newspaper between 1980 and 2000. She first identified relevant articles involving government regulation of business. After finding 2,000 such articles, she systematically sampled articles with a sampling interval of 5. She then coded each sampled article based on the subjective meaning it expressed, as pro- or anti-government regulation using a 1 to 10 scale (1 = very anti-regulation, 10 = very pro-regulation).
2. In this study, Dr. Simpson used __________ to identify articles as pro- or anti-government regulation.
a. latent coding
b. manifest coding
c. generic coding
d. intervention strategy coding
(Page Ref: 326)
3. How many articles did Dr. Simpson code?
(Page Ref: 327-329)
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