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Strayer CRJ320 WK 1 Quiz 1 Chapter 1

CRJ 320 WK 1 Quiz 1 Chapter 1

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The Latin term that means “to track or trace” and that relates most closely with contemporary police investigations is
a. nolo contendere.
b. voir dire.
c. vestigare.
d. certiorari.
e. subpoena.

2. Which term describes a logical process in which a conclusion follows from specific facts?
a. voir dire
b. deductive reasoning
c. circumstantial evidence
d. Locard’s principle of exchange
e. latent investigations

3. According to the text, most cases that are lost are lost during what part of the investigation?
a. in the first hour c. in the forensic lab
b. before the 911 call is ever made d. when witnesses recant testimony

4. Spontaneous statements uttered by a suspect at the time of a crime, concerning and closely related to actions involved in the crime, are referred to as what type of statements?
a. in flagrante delicto c. res gestae
b. exculpatory d. uttering

5. In cases where officers were not able to complete the investigation for some reason, what may be required?
a. redaction c. motion to dismiss
b. follow-up investigation d. waiver of a speedy trial

6. According to the text, when both the public and other professions within the justice system have unrealistic expectations of CSI abilities, law enforcement agencies are said to be suffering from what?
a. Grissom effect c. CSI effect
b. TV syndrome d. Peel disturbance

7. Crime mapping focuses on
a. hot spots where crime occurs.
b. developing leads through the use of city maps and districts.
c. the use of maps to direct officers to the scene.
d. triangulating cell phone usage with criminal activity.

8. The act of sifting through the mountains of available information to find the data that pertains to an investigator’s case is referred to as
a. data dumping.
b. motion to allow discovery from defense.
c. data banking.
d. data mining.

9. Problem-oriented policing places a high value on new responses that are more
a. task oriented. c. preventive.
b. aggressive. d. assertive.

10. Determining the optimal case assignment load, determining what factors are needed to solve crimes and reducing the number of crimes assigned for investigations that cannot be solved are all ways to increase
a. investigative productivity. c. partnership with the community.
b. an officer’s workload. d. data collection.

11. The initial contact with law enforcement in a criminal investigation is usually made between a citizen and a
a. patrol officer. c. dispatcher.
b. civilian report taker. d. investigator.

12. Whose staff can provide information and advice to investigators about legal issues, search and seizure, warrants, confessions and admissibility of evidence?
a. defense counsel c. prosecutor
b. ACLU d. federal task force

13. Medical examiners and coroners’ (ME/C) offices provide death investigation services locally and are responsible for what type of investigation of deaths?
a. autopsies c. medicolegal
b. crime scene reconstruction d. all of these choices

14. Because definitions of crimes and their penalties vary considerably depending on where they occur, investigators must be familiar with
a. local ordinances, county ordinances and state statutes.
b. zoning laws.
c. geographical boundaries of the local area.
d. all of these choices.

15. A criminal’s modus operandi is the details of
a. a criminal’s multiple ordinance violations.
b. how, when and where a criminal usually operates.
c. a multiple regression analysis to determine the suspect’s operating methods.
d. a criminal’s motive and opportunity.

16. A logical process of investigation includes
a. delegating assigned tasks, deciding who completes the initial investigation and then turning the work over to the supervisor.
b. interrogating witnesses, taking numerous photos at the scene of the crime, interviewing the suspect and taking accurate notes of the process.
c. obtaining physical evidence legally, effectively interviewing witnesses, legally and effectively interrogating suspects, thoroughly developing leads and recording all details.
d. developing, arresting and prosecuting a suspect.

17. A fact is
a. an action, an event, a circumstance or an actual thing done.
b. a process of reasoning.
c. an action based on the known facts.
d. something that is known to all.

18. An inference is
a. an assumption.
b. a process of reasoning by which a fact may be deduced.
c. an appropriate method of moving to the solution of the crime.
d. an expectation of guilt.

19. What type of response time is necessary to increase the probability of arrest at the scene?
a. one minute or less c. five to ten minutes
b. three to five minutes d. any response within 15 minutes

20. At a death scene, which would not be of immediate concern?
a. preserving the crime scene c. identifying suspects
b. identifying the body d. identifying witnesses

21. Securing the crime scene is a major responsibility of the
a. dispatchers. c. first officer(s) on the scene.
b. forensic specialists. d. field supervisor.

22. A ____________ approach to case investigation involves using specialists in various fields from within a particular jurisdiction.
a. multijurisdictional c. Multipredictory
b. multidisciplinary d. Multicriminalistic

23. Critical aspects of a successful investigation include thorough planning and preparation, efficient information management, a focus on effective communication and
a. a competent medical examiner to analyze the physical evidence.
b. advanced role definition and delineation of responsibilities.
c. an understanding of the need for investigative productivity.
d. a positive relationship with the prosecutor’s office.

24. Which statement is not one of the components of CompStat?
a. accurate and timely intelligence
b. rapid deployment of resources
c. effective tactics
d. increase in arrests and convictions
e. relentless follow-up and assessment

25. Which process helps detectives use maps to understand the hunting patterns of serial criminals, to determine where these offenders might live and to identify offenders’ next likely target?
a. crime controls c. “bull’s-eye” targeting
b. target hardening d. crime mapping

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