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Strayer CRJ320 WK 4 Quiz 4 Chapter 6,7

CRJ 320 WK 4 Quiz 4 Chapter 6,7

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. In addition to physical evidence, three primary sources of information are available:
a. dispatchers, first responders and records clerks.
b. reports, records and databases; people who are not suspects in a crime but know something of the crime; and suspects in the crime.
c. reports, records and witnesses.
d. snitches, rats and informants.

2. The ultimate goal of interviewing and interrogating is to
a. identify the person who is to be arrested.
b. identify those responsible for a crime and eliminate the innocent from suspicion.
c. ensure proper punishment.
d. eliminate the innocent.

3. Two basic requirements for obtaining information are to
a. listen and observe. c. observe and analyze.
b. listen and respond. d. assess and evaluate.

4. Which of the following questions is most direct?
a. “Were you around the area of the corner of 5th and Main last night?”
b. “Where were you last night?”
c. “Did you assault George Smith at 5th and Main last night?”
d. “Why did you assault George?”

5. When conducting an interview, you should
a. interview all witnesses at once.
b. give first consideration to eyewitnesses.
c. give the Miranda warning first.
d. interview the victim or complainant first.

6. People may volunteer information if approached correctly. Consequently, the following technique is useful to demonstrate when conducting an interview.
a. developing rapport
b. developing an intimate relationship
c. using bribery and gratuities
d. using flattery and guile

7. The best place to interrogate a suspect is usually
a. in the police vehicle.
b. in the suspect’s home.
c. at the police department.
d. while the suspect is on the job.

8. Once a confession has been obtained, investigators should
a. corroborate the confession using independent evidence.
b. stop the investigation.
c. let the confession prove the case.
d. submit the case for prosecution based on the confession.

9. To improve communication,
a. ask complex questions that will confuse the suspect and make him or her more likely to tell the truth.
b. stand so that the suspect can see more of you.
c. use a public setting.
d. prepare your questions and tactics in advance.

10. This type of interview technique calls for using a secluded, quiet place that is free of distractions. It is effective for obtaining information from victims and witnesses who are having difficulty remembering an event.
a. reflective memory trips c. cognitive interview
b. suppressed memory traps d. subliminal inflection

11. If a public threat exists, questioning to reduce that threat may occur before the reading of the Miranda warning. Which case highlighted this issue?
a. New York v. Quarles
b. Mapp v. Ohio
c. Lawson v. Kolender
d. Arizona v. Mincey

12. The fundamental distinction between the Fifth and Sixth Amendment right to counsel hinges on the issue of
a. exigency. c. privacy.
b. guilt. d. custody.

13. When general, preliminary questioning occurs spontaneously on the street, it is called a
a. field interview. c. site interrogation.
b. cite interview. d. field citation.

14. Which is not accepted by the courts as evidence?
a. thermal imaging c. DNA
b. fingerprints d. a polygraph

15. What may be used to help a victim or witness recall an incident?
a. hypnosis c. brain stimulation
b. electroshock therapy d. psychics

16. To be valid in court, a confession must always be
a. written. c. an admission.
b. voluntary. d. witnessed by two or more people.

17. In Miranda v. Arizona, who won the ultimate appeal and why?
a. Miranda, because he had been beaten to confess
b. Miranda, because his rights had not been explained to him properly
c. Arizona, because the police had admonished Miranda properly
d. Arizona, because Miranda voluntarily confessed

18. Under the Bruton rule, which resulted from Bruton v. United States (1968), a defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to confront and cross-examine witnesses against him or her is violated if
a. the defendant recants a confession.
b. the defendant waives Miranda rights.
c. a confessing defendant’s statement is used against a nonconfessing defendant at their joint trial.
d. the witnesses recant.

19. Which of the following is not a recommended interrogation technique?
a. minimizing the crime c. inflating the ego
b. forcing responses d. none of these choices

20. Information or data is not intelligence. Information needs which component to become intelligence?
a. statistics c. analysis
b. computers d. data

21. Which of the following can be used to simultaneously monitor call activity on several lines?
a. a pen register c. an inventory tracking system
b. a dialed number recorder d. caller ID

22. Which of the following statements about witnesses is false?
a. Witnesses are often more confident in their knowledge of what happened than they are accurate.
b. Witnesses rarely withhold information or provide it for ulterior motives, which is why officers can trust them as a source of information.
c. What witnesses think they see is a function of what they expected to see, what they wanted to see and what they actually saw.
d. Many witnesses see only a part of the commission of a crime but testify as though they witnessed the entire event.

23. Which of the following is a characteristic of an effective interviewer/interrogator?
a. optimistic c. sensitive
b. confident d. all of these choices

24. Which has been shown to be an effective interview technique to uncover lies?
a. recording and videotaping the interview
b. repetition
c. appealing to reason
d. projecting the blame

25. Some research has found that the incidence of false confessions is
a. directly related to the use of illegal, third-degree tactics.
b. due to the incorrect use of the Miranda warning.
c. lower when the suspect has no accomplices in the crime.
d. higher than many believe and exacerbated by certain interrogation tactics.

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