Call us 24/7: + 1(925)399 0085

Get your paper done by an expert

No matter what kind of academic paper you need, it is simple and secure to hire an essay writer for a price you can afford at StudyAcer. Save more time for yourself.

Order A Custom Paper

Approximate price: $

19 k happy customers
8.5 out of 10 satisfaction rate
527 writers active

Web Site Redesign sample essay

There are several advantages in having a web site that conforms to web standards. A valid web site allows for broader accessibility, easier code maintenance, and sustainability of the web site despite the volatile development of web-based technologies. However, redesigning an existing web site to comply to standards requires a lot of work, time, and money.

Although it is the cost-effective approach of maintaining a web site, checking the validity of the web pages for compliance with standards such as HTML, CSS, or web accessibility guidelines exacts an almost insurmountable task especially for a web site with thousands of documents. However, there are several tools and guidelines readily available to remedy the problem. The aim of this paper is to describe the suggested steps that will help make an existing web site standards-compliant.

Validity of the code

According to Jeffery Zeldman, author of “Designing with Web Standards,” web standards refers to web authoring using XHTML and XML as structural language, CSS as presentation langauge, W3C DOM as object models and ECMAscript as scripting language among others. Redesigning a web site that complies to web standards entails checking the validity of the code based on these language tools. The Markup Validator, available at W3C, can be used for this purpose.

The tool checks for the correctness of a web document line by line against the declared DOCTYPE and returns a list of errors with the corresponding line number where those errors occur. However, this requires that the file should have the correct DOCTYPE to inform the validator which version of (X)HTML is being used. Checking the correctness of the DOCTYPE is the primary component of redesigning standards-compliant web pages since the Markup Validator cannot validate the files without it and so it must appear at the very top of each web page (Weakley, 2004).

Compatibility and Accessibility

After identifying the invalid markups, a decision have to be made on the degree of compliance to be followed. Although strict compliance is ideally the target, it also has several disadvantages like imperfect browser support for CSS which will likely make sites look plain and unattractive in old browsers or some scripts may not work at all in old mainstream broswers. Some layout schemes are also easier using HTML tables that are difficult to achieve using CSS layout without reworking the entire design (Weakley, 2004). Zeldman suggested two approaches: transitional forward compatibility and strict forward compatibility.

The strict forward compatibility approach is suggested for sites whose target audience are thought to have standards-compliant browsers. Although the low percentage of visitors with noncompliant will still be able to view the content, branding and behavior delivery won’t be as successful compared with newer broswers and devices. Zeldman list the ingredients of achieving strict forward compatibility which includes full separation of structure from presentation and behavior, use of valid CSS for layout while HTML tables are used solely for tabular data, use valid XHTML 1.0 for markup, and an emphasis on structure without a use of presentation hacks in CSS.

On the other hand, for transitional forward compatibility, valid HTML 4.0 are also used for markup and valid CSS are used for control of typography, color, margins, etc. This approach is recommended for sites with a high percentage of visitors using old browsers that don’t support CSS. Through this, forward compatibiliy with future browsers and devices is achieved while remaining accessible to users with old browsers.


Redesigning a web site to comply with web standards is cost-effective and viable way of maintaining a web site. However, it requires a lot of work. First, the quality of the codes should be checked for validity. Only valid XHTML and CSS markups should be used in the site. Then the degree of forward compatibility should be decided depending on the goals and target audience of the site. This will determine the degree of separation between the code for the structure and for the presentation as well as the accessibility between users with old broswers and more standard-compliant browsers and devices.

It is important that whichever approach is taken, the accessibility and behavior attibutes in different browsers should be tested after the redesign to determine that the goals for web standards compliance are achieved.


Weakley, R. (2004). Web standards checklist. Retrieved 30 June, 2006 from

Our guarantees

Study Acers provides students with tutoring and help them save time, and excel in their courses. Students LOVE us!No matter what kind of essay paper you need, it is simple and secure to hire an essay writer for a price you can afford at StudyAcers. Save more time for yourself. Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Our Homework Writing Disciplines

With a highly diverse team in almost all academic fields including: